Vine downy mildew is one of the most frequent diseases in intensive vineyards. Bordeaux mixture (B.m.), in order to control the disease has been applied onto vineyards since the end of the 19th century. The intensive use of Cu-fungicides could influence the physiology of grapevine. It is also possible that high amounts of foliar Cu sprays trigger stress responses in vine leaves. We tried to estimate the possible effect of the foliar applied copper on leaf photosynthesis (P), transpiration (F), stomatal conduction (g) and chlorophyll (Chl a+b) content in vine cv.’Merlot’ grown in Slovenia, where copper fungicides are commonly used in vineyards’ management.
The measurements were carried out on eight years old vine cv. ‘Merlot’, grafted onto SO4. Vines were sprayed with Bordeaux mixture, at two intensities: conventional ‘K’ (12 kg B.m. ha-1) and integrated pest ‘I’ (3 kg B.m. ha-1) management and the control ‘C’ vines were sprayed with non-copper fungicides. The photosynthetic and transpiration activities of the fully developed leaves were measured with a portable measuring system Li-6400 (Licor), at PFD of 1000 µmol m-2 s-1, at 360 (A360) ad 2000 (A2000) µmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and at controlled temperature and relative humidity.
The seasonal decrease of photosynthetic and transpiration activities was observed. The highest P activity 9,82 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1 was obtained on I vines, and the lowest P 9,04 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1 on C vines. The highest transpiration 2,59 mmol H2O m-2 s-1 was measured on C vines, and the lowest 2,31 mmol H2O m-2 s-1 on K vines. The highest stomatal conduction 0,141 mol CO2 m-2 s-1 was measured on C vines, and lowest 0,130 mol CO2 m-2 s-1 on K vines. The lowest Chl a+b content 3,33 mg g-1 dw was determined in C leaves and highest 4,77 mg g-1 dw in I leaves. The Cu-fungicide influenced physiological parameters of vine leaves (difference not statistical significant).
Authors: D. Rusjan (1), D. Vodnik (2), Z. Korosec-Koruza (1)
(1) University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Chair of Viticulture, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000,
(2) University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Chair of Applied Botany and Plant Physiology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia