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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 From local classification to regional zoning-the use of a geographic information system (GIS) in Franconia / Germany. Part 1: specific GIS applications in viticulture

From local classification to regional zoning-the use of a geographic information system (GIS) in Franconia / Germany. Part 1: specific GIS applications in viticulture

Abstract

[English version below]

En vue d’une production économique de qualités des raisins optimales une connaissance des informations les plus différentes est importante. Les nouvelles technologies, telles qu’un SIG permettent de réunir les informations sur le terrain, la nature du sol, le danger d’érosion, le climat, la végétation, l’hydrographie, l’apparition de nuisible et de maladies, etc. Sur la base de cartes topographiques un SIG permet une vaste analyse, une appréciation des rapports complexes ainsi qu’une représentation cartographique. Sur la base de modélisations en trois dimensions du terrain avec le SIG, les ensembles de données saisies ainsi que leur classification au niveau local peuvent être utilisés dans la production de zonages régionaux. Les données du SIG délivrent des informations liées à la protection du sol et de l’eau, la classification climatique, la protection de la vigne, la possibilité d’enherbement, la planification d’irrigation, etc. Les aspects principaux de l’utilisation du SIG en Franconie sont l’enregistrement et l’analyse des données locales, comme les paramètres du sol, le risque d’érosion et les conditions climatique, dans le but d’élaborer des classifications locales des zones à appellation communale et des petits terroirs. A l’aide du SIG, ces classifications locales permettent la création de zonages régionaux, comme par exemple la formation de cartes régionales du risque d’érosion ou la définition de zones de climat local. La modélisation du terrain en trois dimensions permet de déterminer les couloirs d’écoulement de l’air froid et la modélisation des régions soumises au risque de gel, comme les creux et les vallées. Pour cette raison, le SIG en viticulture est un excellent instrument de travail dans la recherche et la consultation viticole ainsi que pour les producteurs de raisins et des domaines viticoles afin d’enregistrer, d’analyser et d’évaluer les influences que des zones régionales déterminées ont à subir. Ainsi le SIG montre aux vignerons leurs surfaces viticoles sous une perspective permettant de mieux analyser le milieu.

For an economically production of optimal grape quality, the knowledge of different types of information is important. New computer software such as a GIS enables the compilation of information on topography, soil, erosion risk, climate, vegetation, infrastructure, and the occurrences of pests and diseases. Based on digital topographie maps, a GIS allows a synoptical analysis of complex correlations and their representation on maps. Based on a three-dimensional terrain modelling with the GIS, recorded data sets and their local classification can be used to establish a regional zoning of viticultural relevant factors as e.g. favourable climatic zones combined with best soil conditions. The GIS data deliver information for fields like soil and water conservation, climatic classification, vine protection, selection of suitable grape varieties and rootstocks, green cover capacity, irrigation planning, yield and quality recording, etc. Main objectives of the GIS application in Franconia are the recording and analysis of local data sets as soil parameters, erosion risk and climatic conditions in vineyard sites. With help of the GIS, these local information enables the creation of a regional zoning of the respective data set, e.g. the generation of regional erosion risk maps or the definition of regional climatic zones. The 3D-terrain modelling allows the determination of flow-off paths of cold air and ‘mapping’ of frost endangered areas like depressions and valleys. Therefore, the viticultural GIS is an excellent aid to researchers and consultants, grape producers and wine growing estates for recording, analysing and assessing viticultural relevant factors in vineyards. This enables a new perspective of vineyards for a better planning of new plantings and also for an improvement of the vineyard management.

DOI:

Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2002

Type: Article

Authors

S. KÖNIGER, A. SCHWAB and S. MICHEL

Bayerische Landesanstalt für Weinbau und Gartenbau, Abt. Weinbau· und Rebenzüchtung, Herrnstr. 8, D-97209 Veitshochheim, Germany

Contact the author

Keywords

regional zoning, GIS, climate, soil, vineyard management
zonage régional, SIG, climat, sol, management du vignobles

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002

Citation

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