Terroir 1996 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 From local classification to regional zoning-the use of a geographic information system (GIS) in Franconia / Germany. Part 1: specific GIS applications in viticulture

From local classification to regional zoning-the use of a geographic information system (GIS) in Franconia / Germany. Part 1: specific GIS applications in viticulture


[English version below]

En vue d’une production économique de qualités des raisins optimales une connaissance des informations les plus différentes est importante. Les nouvelles technologies, telles qu’un SIG permettent de réunir les informations sur le terrain, la nature du sol, le danger d’érosion, le climat, la végétation, l’hydrographie, l’apparition de nuisible et de maladies, etc. Sur la base de cartes topographiques un SIG permet une vaste analyse, une appréciation des rapports complexes ainsi qu’une représentation cartographique. Sur la base de modélisations en trois dimensions du terrain avec le SIG, les ensembles de données saisies ainsi que leur classification au niveau local peuvent être utilisés dans la production de zonages régionaux. Les données du SIG délivrent des informations liées à la protection du sol et de l’eau, la classification climatique, la protection de la vigne, la possibilité d’enherbement, la planification d’irrigation, etc. Les aspects principaux de l’utilisation du SIG en Franconie sont l’enregistrement et l’analyse des données locales, comme les paramètres du sol, le risque d’érosion et les conditions climatique, dans le but d’élaborer des classifications locales des zones à appellation communale et des petits terroirs. A l’aide du SIG, ces classifications locales permettent la création de zonages régionaux, comme par exemple la formation de cartes régionales du risque d’érosion ou la définition de zones de climat local. La modélisation du terrain en trois dimensions permet de déterminer les couloirs d’écoulement de l’air froid et la modélisation des régions soumises au risque de gel, comme les creux et les vallées. Pour cette raison, le SIG en viticulture est un excellent instrument de travail dans la recherche et la consultation viticole ainsi que pour les producteurs de raisins et des domaines viticoles afin d’enregistrer, d’analyser et d’évaluer les influences que des zones régionales déterminées ont à subir. Ainsi le SIG montre aux vignerons leurs surfaces viticoles sous une perspective permettant de mieux analyser le milieu.

For an economically production of optimal grape quality, the knowledge of different types of information is important. New computer software such as a GIS enables the compilation of information on topography, soil, erosion risk, climate, vegetation, infrastructure, and the occurrences of pests and diseases. Based on digital topographie maps, a GIS allows a synoptical analysis of complex correlations and their representation on maps. Based on a three-dimensional terrain modelling with the GIS, recorded data sets and their local classification can be used to establish a regional zoning of viticultural relevant factors as e.g. favourable climatic zones combined with best soil conditions. The GIS data deliver information for fields like soil and water conservation, climatic classification, vine protection, selection of suitable grape varieties and rootstocks, green cover capacity, irrigation planning, yield and quality recording, etc. Main objectives of the GIS application in Franconia are the recording and analysis of local data sets as soil parameters, erosion risk and climatic conditions in vineyard sites. With help of the GIS, these local information enables the creation of a regional zoning of the respective data set, e.g. the generation of regional erosion risk maps or the definition of regional climatic zones. The 3D-terrain modelling allows the determination of flow-off paths of cold air and ‘mapping’ of frost endangered areas like depressions and valleys. Therefore, the viticultural GIS is an excellent aid to researchers and consultants, grape producers and wine growing estates for recording, analysing and assessing viticultural relevant factors in vineyards. This enables a new perspective of vineyards for a better planning of new plantings and also for an improvement of the vineyard management.


Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2002

Type: Article



Bayerische Landesanstalt für Weinbau und Gartenbau, Abt. Weinbau· und Rebenzüchtung, Herrnstr. 8, D-97209 Veitshochheim, Germany

Contact the author


regional zoning, GIS, climate, soil, vineyard management
zonage régional, SIG, climat, sol, management du vignobles


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002


Related articles…

Ecophysiological characterisation of terroir effects on Vitis vinifera L. Chardonnay and pinot noir in south african cool climate regions

Terroir encompasses environmental (climate, geology, soil and topography), genetic (cultivar and clone) and human factors (oenological and viticultural practices). Climate change brings about shifts in the suitability of a region for the growth of specific grapevine cultivars. This study focused on climatic and fruit parameters (berry size, weight, pH, total acidity (TA) and phenolics) to characterise the terroir effect in Vitis vinifera L. cultivars Chardonnay and Pinot Noir vineyards in the Cape South Coast region (Walker Bay and Elgin).

The landscape in the development of vineyard regions: an application to the ACO Dão and ACO Bairrada (Central Portugal)

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of landscapes in the notoriety and marketing of wines and in tourism promotion, specifically in the case of two centenary Portuguese demarcated regions

Wine aging : a bottleneck Story ?

The sporadic oxidation of white wines remains an open question, making wine shelf life a subjective debate. Through a multidisciplinary synoptic approach performed as a remarkable case study on aged bottles of white wine, this work unraveled a yet unexplored route for uncontrolled oxidation.

How the management of ph during winemaking affects acetaldehyde evolution and the formation of polymeric phenolics over the red wine aging

The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of pH on both the acetaldehyde chemistry and wine phenolics evolution over the aging period. In addition, the effect of both an early and late acidification was evaluated

Application of DEXI PM Vigne sustainability tool to the assessment of alternative vineyard protection strategies

Implementing alternative grapevine systems that incorporate sustainable strategies and innovative farming practices is essential. However, we lack tools for measuring the impact of these new practices on the overall sustainability of vineyards. DEXi PM Vigne (Gary et al., 2015) is a tool developed for ex ante assessment of the sustainability of grapevine cropping systems, from the plot to the farm scale. In the present study, we focused on implementing new strategies of integrated crop protection management with limited pesticide use in vineyards.