Terroir 1996 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 El medio natural de Chile como factor de adaptación de la vid

El medio natural de Chile como factor de adaptación de la vid

Abstract

Chile, junto con Australia, EE.UU., Sudáfrica, Argentina y Nueva Zelanda constituye el grupo de países del nuevo mundo vitivinícola. Todos ellos en conjunto han experimentado en la última década un sostenido crecimiento en la participación del mercado internacional de vinos, destacándose en el grupo Australia, EE.UU. y Chile. En 1990, las exportaciones de Australia y EE.UU sobrepasaban levemente los US$ 100 millones, Chile representaba la mitad de esta cantidad (Cuadro 1), en cambio en 1998, los tres países presentan cifras similares, sobrepasando levemente los US$ 500 millones.
De acuerdo al diario financiero “The Economist” (1999), el conjunto de los países del nuevo mundo y en particular el de Australia, EE.UU. y Chile, se caracteriza por una industria vitivinícola muy concentrada. En efecto, sólo cuatro compañías dominan el 80% del mercado australiano, en EE.UU., las cinco más grandes tienen el 62% del mercado y en Chile, las cinco principales poseen el 50%. El crecimiento en la participación de mercado de estas compañías globales es reflejo de sus presupuestos de promoción y su habilidad para proveer grandes cantidades de vino a los supermercados. Estas empresas se han caracterizado por invertir en tecnología e innovación, lo que les permite expresar la peculiaridad de cada una de las variedades de vid, o de la mezcla que vinifica y que destacan en sus etiquetas.
En el caso particular de Chile, los primeros indicios de la reconversión de su industria vitivinícola se pueden establecer a partir del año 1986 y son consecuencia del éxito de pequeñas partidas iniciales de vinos finos destinados a los mercados externos, particularmente de Latinoamérica. En aquella época se desarrollo sólo en las principales empresas del rubro un nuevo impulso de plantaciones de variedades tintas y blancas, de probada fineza y calidad, fundamentalmente Cabernet sauvignon, Merlot (Carménère), Chardonnay y Sauvignon blanc (vert). Por el contrario, el resto de la industria se encontraba sumida en una de las más profundas crisis que ha tenido que experimentar Chile, caracterizada por una fuerte disminución de la superficie global de los viñedos.

DOI:

Publication date: February 24, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2000

Type: Article

Authors

Ph. Pszczólkowski T.

Departamento de Fruticultura y Enología
Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería Forestal
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Casilla 306-22
Santiago, Chile

Contact the author

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2000

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.

Terroir 1996 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 El medio natural de Chile como factor de adaptación de la vid

El medio natural de Chile como factor de adaptación de la vid

Abstract

Content of the article

References

Section for all references

DOI:

Publication date: February 24, 2022

Issue: (ex: Issue: Terclim 2023)

Authors

author1, author2, author3

Presenting author

Description

List of affiliations ¹ ² ³

Contact the author

Email address (with mailto: link)

Keywords

List of different keywords (keyword1, keyword2, keyword3)

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2000

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.