Terroir 1996 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Effets des pratiques agro-viticoles sur l’activité biologique et la matière organique des sols : exemples en Champagne et en Bourgogne

Effets des pratiques agro-viticoles sur l’activité biologique et la matière organique des sols : exemples en Champagne et en Bourgogne


The notion of terroir covers multiple components, from geology, pedology, geomorphology and climatology (Doledec, 1995), to less well-identified aspects but also intervening in the “typicality” of wines. This justifies the “zoning” approach (Moncomble and Panigaï, 1990) to define homogeneous areas, under the same agro-viticultural management and also identified at the product level (Morlat and Asselin, 1992).

Cultivation practices form a component of the “terroir” which should not be neglected because it can be modified by human action. It is therefore necessary to know the consequences of the technical itineraries well, in order to be able to choose them according to the fixed data of the terroir and the desired characteristics of the product.

In this respect, soil maintenance techniques are certainly the most interesting to study, because of their interactions with water supply and vine nutrition. Such interactions have already been studied by viticultural monitoring (Soyer et al ., 1995; Aguhlon and Voile, 1995), but very little work has been devoted to direct measurements on the soil. This is what we have sought to do in the present work, relying on the experimental devices of Plumecoq and Montbré in Champagne and Mâcon-Clessé in Burgundy.

More broadly, our objective is to participate in promoting sustainable management of vineyard soils compatible with quality products. It is in fact a question of researching the most suitable cultural practices for:
1) conserve soils, in the face of “a worrying reactivation of erosion” (Roose, 1994)
2) control their characteristics linked to fertility (structure, organic reserves, biological activities, availability of nitrogen and water ).


Publication date: March 25, 2022

Type: Poster

Issue: Terroir 1996



(1) University of Burgundy, GeoSol Team, 6 Boulevard Gabriel. 21000 DIJON
(2) INRA Soil Microbiology, 17 rue Sully, BV 1540, 21034 DIJON cedex
(3) CIVC, 5 rue Henri Martin, BP 135, 51200 EPERNAY
(4) Chamber of Agriculture Service Viticole, 59 rue du 19 Mars 1952 71010 MASON cedex


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 1996


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.