Viticultural heritage in mountain territories of Catalonia: prospecting in the region of Osona, northern Spain
The recovery of ancestral or minority vine varieties has been gaining great interest in recent years, among other reasons because it is likely that some of these varieties, due to the fact that they are found in relict areas, have a greater potential for adaptation to external factors (biotic or abiotic) and can minimize the effects that climate change is causing in viticulture. Varieties that can be grown at altitude are currently being sought to combat rising temperatures and prolonged extreme drought conditions. In Catalonia, the Pyrenean expansion of vineyard cultivation is documented from the 10th century and has been related to the “small climatic optimum” (9th-12th centuries) and also to seigniorial power. But different adverse climatic periods and the arrival of Phylloxera by the late 19th century made many of these crops disappear.
This study represents an initial phase of prospecting, identification and conservation of around ninety samples of Vitis vinifera L. that have been found in remote locations between 500 m and more than 700 m of altitude in municipalities belonging to the Osona region in northeast of Catalonia. Black Morocco (Gros Marq), Bronsa, Courtoisie, Valenci N and the previous described as Plant de Vic 98-N-1 are some of the cultivars that have been found.
1) Pèlachs A. (2004) Deu mil anys de geohistòria ambiental al Pirineu central català aplicació de tècniques paleogràfiques per a l’estudi del territori i el paisatge a la Coma de Burg i a la Vallferrera. [PhD thesis, Autonomous University of Barcelona]. TDX (Tesis Doctorals en Xarxa)http://www.tdx.cat/handle/10803/4958
2) Junta Consultiva Agronómica España (1981) Avance estadístico sobre cultivo y producción de la vid en España / formado por la Junta Consultiva Agronómica, 1889. Ministerio de Fomento, Dirección General de Agricultura, Industria y Comercio Péant, L. é Hijos. http://bdh.bne.es/bnesearch/detalle/bdh0000188444
Issue: ICGWS 2023
1INCAVI-IRTA. Catalan Institute of Vine and Wine – Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology. Plaça Àgora, 2. 08720 Vilafranca del Penedès, Barcelona, Spain
2Museu de la Torneria. Carrer de la Pau, 12-14, 08570 Torelló, Barcelona, Spain
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ancestral grapevine cultivars, varieties, adaptation, climate change, Catalan heritage