terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Effect of soil particle size on vine water status, leaf ABA content and berry quality in Nebbiolo grapes

Effect of soil particle size on vine water status, leaf ABA content and berry quality in Nebbiolo grapes

Abstract

The root and shoot abscisic acid (ABA) accumulation in response to water deficit and its relation with stomatal conductance is longtime known in grapevine. ABA-dependent and ABA-independent signalling response to osmotic stress coexist in sessile plants. In grapevine, the signaling role of ABA in response to water stress conditions and its influence on berry quality is critical to manage grapevine acclimation to climate change. The prevalent iso- or aniso-hydric behavior of grapevine varieties can be mitigated by the soil draining capacity: in the anisohydric Syrah grown in pots and in controlled conditions, an ABA-related stomatal closure was induced in water-retaining soils, resulting in a superimposition of the soil-related hormonal root-to-shoot signal respect to the putative genotypic-induced anisohydric response to water stress. In two consecutive years (2012 and 2013) we analyzed Nebbiolo water relations in two rain-fed vineyards (distance as the crow flies between the two was about 250 m) located on the Cannubi hill (Barolo area, Langhe Wine District, Piedmont, Italy). Vines were grafted on Vitis berlandieri x V. riparia rootstocks and soil were classified (USDA) as silty-loam (with 18 % of clay) and as loam (13 % of clay). We measured stomatal conductance, stem water potential, ABA leaf content and the main berry quality parameters. In 2013, the vineyard management (winter and green pruning, and bunch balance according to ‘Yield to Pruning Weight’ and ‘Leaf Area to Crop Weight’ ratios) allowed to avoid any discrepancies in the two vineyards vegetative-productive balance. Data showed that when drought was prolonged, Nebbiolo reduced its anisohydricity acting drought-induced stomatal closures earlier and for a longer period in the silty-loam soil, (richer in clay and more compact), respect to the loamy soil. The silty-loam soil determined a higher leaf ABA content during the season. This fact could explain the improved qualitative traits of berries harvested in the vineyard in the 18% clayey soil such as a higher content of anthocyanins (mg/berry), with a higher level of acylation (increase of color stabilization) and a higher content of free terpenes, following ABA-triggered metabolite responses.

Acknowledgements: authors warmly acknowledge Damilano cellar for hosting the trial.

DOI:

Publication date: October 11, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Alessandra Ferrandino1*, Antonio Carlomagno2, Gianpiero Romana3, Claudio Lovisolo1

1 DISAFA – University of Turin, Largo Braccini 2, Grugliasco (TO)
2 DiCEM – University of Basilicata, Via Lanera 20, Matera (MT)
Agronomist, Consultant

Contact the author*

Keywords

soil texture, stomatal conductance, leaf water potential, anthocyanins, free terpenes

Tags

2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

Related articles…

Biotic and abiotic factors affecting physiological aspects underlying vegetative vigour in two commercial grapevine varieties

Grapevine vigour, defined as the propensity to assimilate, store and/or use non-structural sugars for allowing fast growth of shoots and producing large canopies[1], is crucial to optimize vineyard management. Recently, a model has been proposed for predicting the vigor of young grapevines through the measurement of the vegetative growth and physiological parameters, such as water status and gas exchange[2]. Our objectives were (1) to explore the influence of the association of two grapevine varieties (Tempranillo and Cabernet Sauvignon, grafted onto R110 rootstocks) with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on the vegetative vigour of young plants; and (2) to assess the effect of environmental factors linked to climate change on the vegetative vigour of Cabernet Sauvignon.

Metatranscriptomic analysis of “aszú” berries: the potential role of the most important species of the grape microbiota in the aroma of wines with noble rot

Botrytis cinerea has more than 1200 host plants and is one of the most important plant pathogens in viticulture. Under certain environmental conditions, it can lead to the development of a noble rot, which results in a specific metabolic profile, altering physical texture and chemical composition. The other microbes involved in this process and their functional genes are poorly characterised. We have generated metatranscriptomic [1,2] and DNA metabarcoding data from three months of the Furmint grape variety, representing the four phases of noble rot, from healthy berries to completely dried berries.

Investigation of cellulose nanofiber-based films used as a protective layer to reduce absorption of smoke phenols into wine grapes

Volatile phenols from wildfire smoke are absorbed by wine grapes, resulting in undesirable smoky and ashy sensory attributes in the affected wine.[1] Unfortunately the severity of wildfires is increasing, particularly when grapes are ripening on the vine. The unwanted flavors of the wine prompted a need for solutions to prevent the uptake of smoke compounds into wine grapes. Films using cellulose nanofibers as the coating forming matrix were developed as an innovative means to prevent smoke phenols from entering Pinot noir grapes. Different film formulations were tested by incorporating low methoxy pectin or chitosan.

Late pruning, an alternative for rainfed vine varieties facing new climatic conditions

In Chile there is a dry farming area known as a traditional wine region, where varieties brought by the Spanish conquerors still persist. These varieties, in general, are cultivated under traditional systems, with low use of technical and economic resources, and low profitability for their grapes and wines. In this region, as in other wine grape growing areas, climatic conditions have changed significantly in recent decades. In particular, the occurrence of spring frosts, when bud break has already begun, have generated significant losses for these growers.

“Compost Application in the Vineyard: Effects on Soil Nutrition and Compaction”

The mechanization of pruning and harvesting in vineyards has increased the risk of soil compaction. To reclaim soil properties or avoid this degradation process, it is crucial to properly manage the soil organic matter, and the application of compost derived from the vines themselves is a strategy to achieve this. The objective of this study was to evaluate the properties of soil treated with different doses of compost applied both on the vine row and the inter rows of a Vitis vinifera crop.