terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Retrospective analysis of our knowledge regarding the genetics of relevant traits for rootstock breeding 

Retrospective analysis of our knowledge regarding the genetics of relevant traits for rootstock breeding 


Rootstocks were the first sustainable and environmentally friendly strategy to cope with a major threat for Vitis vinifera cultivation. In addition to providing Phylloxera resistance, they play an important role in protecting against other soil-borne pests, such as nematodes, and in adapting V. vinifera to limiting abiotic conditions. Today viticulture has to adapt to ongoing climate change whilst simultaneously reducing its environmental impact. In this context, rootstocks are a central element in the development of agro-ecological practices that increase adaptive potential with low external inputs. Despite the apparent diversity of the Vitis genus, only few rootstock varieties are used worldwide and most of them have a very narrow genetic background. This means that there is considerable scope to breed new, improved rootstocks to adapt viticulture for the future.

However, in comparison to the extensive research effort devoted to fruit varieties, there is little scientific knowledge to support grapevine rootstock breeding. Since grafting became widespread in viticulture, very few studies have been done on the genetic architecture of the relevant traits in rootstocks, even for resistance to Phylloxera or grafting ability. The current presentation will provide an overview of our knowledge on the genetics of specific rootstock traits, covering resistance to Phylloxera and nematodes, rooting and grafting abilities, and adaptation to drought and salinity. An attempt to list the resources and initiatives at the international level will be made.   

Acknowledgements: The research for rootstock breeding in Bordeaux has been supported over the years by numerous funding agencies and has benefited from the support of the wine industry. Louis Bordenave, Bernard Douens, Jean-Pierre Petit, Cyril Hévin and Nicolas Hocquard are to be acknowledged for their great involvement in the management of genetic resources  and the monitoring of plant material.


Publication date: October 19, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Article


Nathalie Ollat1, Jean-Pascal Tandonnet1, Marina de Miguel, Clément Saint-Cast1, Virginie Lauvergeat1, Joseph Tran1, Bernadette Rubio1, Nabil Girollet1, Pierre-François Bert1, Maria Lafargue1, Philippe Vivin1, Sarah J. Cookson1, Daniel Esmenjaud2, Elisa Marguerit1

1 EGFV, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2 INRAE, Université Côte d’Azur, CNRS, ISA, 06903 Sophia Antipolis, France

Contact the author*


diversity, biotic stress, abiotic stress, roots, genes, resistance


2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Distribution and sensory impact of new oak wood-derived compounds in wines

Despite the numerous research studies carried out in recent years, the study of wine aroma remains of great interest due to its complexity. Wine maturation in oak barrels is described as an important step in the production of quality wines. In fact, oak wood develops several aromatic nuances through its toasting which can be released into the wine. A great deal of work has been performed in order to identify the wood-derived volatile compounds that contribute to wine aroma (e.g., whisky-lactone, maltol, eugenol, guaiacol, vanillin).

Genetic study of wild grapevines in La Rioja region

Since the mid-1980s, several surveys have been carried out in La Rioja to search for populations of the sylvestris grapevine subspecies (Vitis vinifera L. subsp. sylvestris Gmelin). The banks of the Ebro River and its tributaries (Alhama, Cidacos, Leza, Iregua, Najerilla, Oja and Tirón rivers), as well as the surrounding vegetation of their valleys have been covered. So far, all the populations found are alluvial, forming part of the riparian vegetation of the Najerilla (the first reported population in La Rioja [1]), Iregua, and the vicinity of Oja valleys.

Effect of drought on grapevine wood fungal pathogen communities using a metatranscriptomics approach

Crops are facing increasing biotic and abiotic stress pressures due to global changes. However, trade-off mechanisms between these stresses and the underlying physiological processes are still poorly understood, especially in perennial crop species. To better understand these trade-offs, we studied the effect of drought on grapevine (Vitis vinifera) physiology and esca-related wood fungal communities. Esca is a vascular disease caused by a community of wood-infecting pathogenic fungi, and characterized by trunk necrosis, leaf scorch symptoms, yield losses, and mortality.

Preliminary study of extraction of polysaccharides from pomace by high powered ultrasonic combined with enzymes

Red grape pomace can be an important source of polysaccharides, but currently they are little studied and even less with viable and environmental extraction processes (green extraction). These green techniques must be able to break the cell wall so that the compounds contained in the cells, including polysaccharides, are released and can have a great influence on extraction yields, the chemical structure of polysaccharides and applications in wines. Amongst the emerging green techniques most applied to the extraction of bioactive compounds, such as polysaccharides, high-power ultrasound (US) and enzyme-assisted extraction stand out.

Impact of toasting and botanical origin on oak wood (Q. sp.) volatilome using untargeted GCxGC-ToFMS analysis

Many works have been carried out to identify the key aroma volatile compounds of oak wood (e.g., whisky-lactone, furfural, maltol, eugenol, guaiacol, vanillin) using conventional gas chromatography coupled with olfactometry and mass spectrometry (GC-O-MS). Inspired by recent untargeted approaches in the field of food “omics”, this work aims to extend our knowledge on the impact of cooperage process on the volatile composition of oak wood using two-dimensional comprehensive gas chromatography coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-ToFMS).