Callinikos: the new white table grapeseedless variety for biological produce
Context and purpose of the study – This paper presents is the create, the study and amplographic description the new seedless grape variety «Callinicos» was created by P. Zamanidis at the Athens Vine Department of the Institute of Olive and Subtropical Plants, with the hybridization method in 2012.
Material and methods – The variety created by crossing by resistant newly Greek table variety “Georgakis” with the variety “Soultanina” The resulting cultivar is a complex interspecific is a cross-breeding between American, European and Far East (V. Amurensis).
Results – «Callinicos» is a complex seedless table grape cultivar. The duration of the “Callinicos” variety from budburst to maturity is 146-155 days. The variety is very strong with large shoots growth (2.1 – 3.0 m). The growth of shoots is higher over 95%. The shoots growth is strong. The bearing grapevine percentage is 90%. The average cluster weight is very big 900g. The yield is high more than 35-45 t / ha. A blossom bud has green color with yellowy-brown tones. The mature leaf is medium size, symmetrical, and five hard lobs it is divided weakly In same lobs has sort teeths. The flowers are hermaphrodite. One arm usually has two inflorescences,on4th and 6thknots.The flower is hermaphrodite. The cluster is big sized, cone-shaped, of medium-density. The berry is medium, sort elliptical, green-yellow colored. The berry weight is 5 g. The berry skin is thin and high resistance. The pulp is very firm, with varietal flavor. The content of sugar is high. The grapes can be consumed fresh and be used for raisin production. It has high resistance to fungal diseases, insects, high resistance to low temperatures, high resistance to drought and tolerant in Phylloxera.
Issue: GiESCO 2019
(1) Department of Viticulture of Athens. Institute of Olive Tree, Subtropical Cropsand Viticulture, Hellenic. Agricultural Organization-DEMETER 1 S. Venizelou Str., 14123, Lykovrisi, Attiki, Greece
(2) Technological Educational Institute of Peloponnese, School of Agricultural Technology, 24100 Antimalamos, Kalamata
(3) Agricultural University of Athens, 75 IeraOdos str., 11855, Botanikos, Attica
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Hybridization, variety, shoots, leaves, inflorescence, cluster, berry