GiESCO 2019 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 GiESCO 9 GiESCO 2019 9 Climate change 9 How to develop strategies of adaptation to climate change based on a foresight exercise?

How to develop strategies of adaptation to climate change based on a foresight exercise?


Context and purpose of the study ‐ Prospective studies raise a real intellectual interest for those who contribute to them or take cognizance of it. But they are often considered too difficult to operationalize, and most of the prospective exercises are not followed by action plans, particularly at value chain level. To overcome this difficulty in linking the work of experts and the decisions of stakeholder of value chains, a particular effort was made to operationalize the outcomes from a prospective study on the French vine and wine industry in the context of climate change. The approach consisted in collecting and using the feed‐back of professionalsfrom the wine industry about these outcomes to feed a strategic think‐tank and thus allow decision‐makers of the industry “to come back to the present, better equipped to influence it according to [their] intentions and [ their] requirements “(Sébillotte, 2002).

Material and methods ‐ From 2014 to 2016, a foresight exercise was carried out within the framework of the Laccave project, and permitted to design 4 adaptation strategies to climate change (conservative, innovative, nomadic, liberal) and to describe the paths leading to them (Aigrain et al. , 2017). In 2017, six participatory seminars were organized in the main French wine regions: Bordeaux / Cognac, Champagne, Burgundy, Languedoc, Rhône Valley and Alsace. During each of them, between 60 and 100 stakeholders of the industry were invited to discuss in small groups about the issues and consequences of each proposed strategy. Then, they were asked to identify the desirable or threatening nature of these strategies and to make proposals for actions that could promote or prevent their occurrence. All information collected was recorded in the form of verbatim (Aigrain et al., 2018).

Results ‐ From these participatory workshops, the majority favored the development of technical innovations in order to maintain the current location of French vineyards and the value associated with them, while questioning the limits to keep the specificity of each appellation. The positioning vis‐à‐vis the conservative strategy is variable and depends on the regions. The appearance of new viticultural zones is concerning and represents a point of vigilance for the participants. The treatment of these numerous contributions is currently fueling the construction, in France, of a national strategy to adapt the vine and wine sector to climate change


Publication date: June 19, 2020

Issue: GiESCO 2019

Type: Article


Patrick AIGRAIN1, Benjamin BOIS8, Françoise BRUGIERE1, Eric DUCHENE7, Inaki GARCIA de CORTAZAR‐ATAURI6, Jacques GAUTIER2, Eric GIRAUD‐HERAUD5, Roy HAMMOND4, Hervé HANNIN3, Jean‐Marc TOUZARD4, Nathalie OLLAT5

(1) FranceAgriMer Montreuil – France
(2) INAO Montreuil – France
(3) Univ Montpellier, MOISA, Montpellier SupAgro/IHEV, Montpellier – France
(4) Univ Montpellier, Innovation, INRA, Montpellier – France
(5) EGFV, -Bordeaux Sciences Agro INRA Univ. Bordeaux, ISVV Bordeaux I– France
(6) Agroclim, INRA Avignon – France
(7) SVQV, INRA Colmar – France
(8) Université de Bourgogne Dijon – France Corresponding author

Contact the author


Climate change, Vine and Wine industry, Adaptation, Foresight exercise, Participative approach


GiESCO 2019 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Significance of factors making Riesling an iconic grape variety

Riesling is the iconic grape variety of Germany and accounts for 23% of the German viticulture acreage, which comprises 45% of the worldwide Riesling plantings. Riesling wines offer a wide array of styles from crisp sparkling wines to highly concentrated and sweet Trockenbeerenauslese or Icewines. However, its thin berry skin makes Riesling more vulnerable to detrimental environmental threats than other white wine varieties.  

Malolactic fermentation in wine production

What influence do these bacteria have on wines? What new bacteria are being studied to carry out this fermentation? Find below articles about malolactic fermentation published in our 3 media (OENO One, IVES Technical Reviews and IVES Conference Series). OENO One...

Metabolomics screening of Vitis sp. interspecific hybrids to select natural ingredients with cosmetic purposes

Introducing natural ingredients using green chemistry practices is a major challenge in cosmetics industry to follow the market trend. Among the plants of cosmetic interest, vine products show a remarkable diversity of natural substances with high potential for the cosmetic and dermatological sectors. To date, research focuses on well-known compounds like E-resveratrol and E-ε-viniferin,

WAC 2022: Abstracts are available on IVES Conference Series

In order to disseminate the scientific results presented during the WAC 2022 , the organizers have decided to share the abstracts of the oral communications and posters with Open Access on IVES Conference Series. The fifth edition of the International Conference...

Winemaking techniques and wine tasting methods at the end of the Middle Ages

Les pratiques de vinification et de dégustation du vin sont souvent perçues, à travers un discours marketing très puissant, sous l’angle d’une tradition millénaire qui perdure depuis le Moyen Âge. En Bourgogne, il est courant de rattacher les racines de ces pratiques à l’activité des institutions ecclésiastiques qui possédaient d