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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 New breeding frontiers: application of the CRISPR-cas9 system in grapevine (V. vinifera L.) and improvements in plant regeneration

New breeding frontiers: application of the CRISPR-cas9 system in grapevine (V. vinifera L.) and improvements in plant regeneration

Abstract

Nowadays, many policies are being adopted for direct agriculture towards more sustainable approaches. To continue to maintain a high production using fewer fertilizers, pesticides and water resources, agronomic techniques must be combined with biotechnological approaches. In grapevine, the breeding programs are restricted by the fact that it has a highly heterozygous genome, therefore, if on the one hand, we try to improve the characteristics, on the other hand it is necessary to preserve the original genome of the varieties. CRISPR-cas9 system is one of the smartest tools to carry out highly precise genetic modifications leaving the genetic background unchanged. To produce edited DNA-free grapevine plant is necessary to dispose of an efficient delivery system to introduce the preassembled ribonucleoproteins (RNP) and to ensure the subsequent step of regeneration of the edited plant. Protoplasts are the best system for this purpose: they represent a highly regenerative platform accessible to most of transformation techniques. The regeneration is possible through somatic embryogenesis. Grapevine is recalcitrant to the regeneration process leading to a low rate of plant recovery. The aim of this study is to optimise the in vitroregeneration process of Cabernet Sauvignon and Glera varieties to apply a DNA-free genome editing approach to improve agronomical and oenological traits. Here, we also provide preliminary studies on the enhancing effect of the current in the regeneration process through the application of an external electric field and evaluating the expression of fluorescent transcriptional reporters of transcription factors involved in shoot regeneration in A.thaliana.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Stefania Zattoni 1*, Edoardo Bertini 2, Erica D’Incà 2, Maddalena Salvalaio 3, Giovanni Sena 3, Sara Zenoni 1

1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134, Verona, Italy
2 Edivite s.r.l, San Pietro Viminario, Quartiere San Mauro 30, 35020 Padova
3 Laboratory of plant morphogenesis, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK

Contact the author*

Keywords

Protoplast, Somatic embryogenesis, CRISPR-cas9, in vitro regeneration, Electric field

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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