FERMENTATION POTENTIAL OF INDIGENOUS NON-SACCHAROMYCES YEASTS ISOLATED FROM MARAŠTINA GRAPES OF CROATIAN VINEYARDS
The interest in indigenous non-Saccharomyces yeast for use in wine production has increased in recent years because they contribute to the complex character of the wine. The aim of this work was to investigate the fermentation products of ten indigenous strains selected from a collection of native yeasts established at the Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation in 2021, previously isolated from Croatian Maraština grapes, belonging to Hypopichia pseudoburtonii, Metschnikowia pulcherrima, Metschnikowia sinensis, Metschnikowia chrysoperlae, Lachancea thermotolerans, Pichia kluyveri, Hanseniaspora uvarum, Hanseniaspora guillermondii, Hanseniaspora pseudoguillermondii, and Starmerella apicola species, and compare it with commercial non-Saccharomyces and Saccharomyces strains. The Maraština sterile grape juice was inoculated with yeast isolates at a concentration of 10⁶ cells/mL in a laboratory flask. The fermentation process was monitored by psycho-chemical parameters and yeast cell counting on WL agar plates. Samples were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy with Fourier transformation (FTIR). Residual sugar after alcoholic fermentation was between 2.3 and 6.8 g/L for all species.
Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023
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non-Saccharomyces, monoculture fermentation, FTIR, yeast cell counting