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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 UNTARGETED METABOLOMICS ANALYSES TO IDENTIFY A NEW SWEET COMPOUND RELEASED DURING POST-FERMENTATION MACERATION OF WINE

UNTARGETED METABOLOMICS ANALYSES TO IDENTIFY A NEW SWEET COMPOUND RELEASED DURING POST-FERMENTATION MACERATION OF WINE

Abstract

The gustatory balance of dry wines is centered on three flavors, sourness, bitterness and sweetness. Even if certain compounds were already identified as contributing to sweetness, some taste modifications remain largely unexplained1,2. Some empirical observations combined with sensory analyzes have shown that an increase of wine sweetness occurs during post-fermentation maceration³. This step is a key stage of red winemaking during which the juice is left in contact with the marc, that contains the solid parts of the grape (seeds, skins and sometimes stems). This work aimed to identify a new taste-active compound that contributes to this gain of sweetness. Recent developments have highlighted the interested of untargeted metabolomic analysis for oenology4,5. Using similar tools, an original approach has been developed here to discover new sweet molecules released during post-fermentation maceration. In this context, different samples were taken from eight Bordeaux wineries over three vintages. These samples, coming from a total of 240 vats, were collected at two distinct stages, giving rise to two modalities: at the end of alcoholic fermentation and just before running-off the vat, that is before and after post-fermentation maceration. The analyses were assayed using liquid chromatography–high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Exactive Plus, Orbitrap analyzer). Data processing was carried out using the MzMine 2 software followed by a differential analysis and statistical study executed with the R software to obtain a list of ions showing a strong increase during maceration. The MS² spectral data, obtained by fragmentation of molecules, provided informa-tion for their identification. One of these ions was selected and considered for a targeted purification by various separative techniques (SPE, CPC and HPLC-preparative). Its structural elucidation by NMR allowed to identify this compound for the first time in wine. Furthermore, sensory analysis revealed its pronounced sweet taste. This study proposes new tools to investigate taste-active compounds in wine. More generally, the results bring new insights to understand the chemical origin of wine taste and open promising perspectives for practical applications.

 

1. Cretin, B., Waffo-Teguo, P., Dubourdieu, D., Marchal, A., 2019. Taste-guided isolation of sweet-tasting compounds from grape seeds, structural elucidation and identification in wines. Food Chemistry 272, 388–395.
2. Fayad, S., Le Scanff, M., Waffo-Teguo, P., Marchal, A., 2021. Understanding sweetness of dry wines: First evidence of astilbin isomers in red wines and quantitation in a one-century range of vintages. Food Chemistry 352, 129293.
3. Cretin, B., 2016. Recherches sur les déterminants moléculaires contribuant à l’équilibre gustatif des vins secs 340.
4. Arapitsas, P., Ugliano, M., Marangon, M., Piombino, P., Rolle, L., Gerbi, V., Versari, A., Mattivi, F., 2020. Use of Untargeted Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Metabolome To Discriminate Italian Monovarietal Red Wines, Produced in Their Different Terroirs. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 68, 13353–13366.
5. Gil, M., Reynes, C., Cazals, G., Enjalbal, C., Sabatier, R., Saucier, C., 2020. Discrimination of rosé wines using shotgun metabolomics with a genetic algorithm and MS ion intensity ratios. Scientific Reports. 10, 1170.

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Marie Le Scanff1,2, Warren Albertin1,2, Laurence Marcourt3, Adriano Rutz3, Jean-Luc Wolfender3 and Axel Marchal1,2

1. Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux INP, INRAE, OENO, UMR 1366, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2. Bordeaux Sciences Agro, Bordeaux INP, INRAE, OENO, UMR 1366, ISVV, F-33170 Gradignan, France
3. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Western Switzerland (ISPSO), University of Geneva, Centre Médical Universitaire (CMU), Geneva, Switzerland

Contact the author*

Keywords

Untargeted metabolomic analysis, Taste, Sweetness, Mass spectrometry

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

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