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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 IMPACT OF MANNOPROTEIN N-GLYCOSYL PHOSPHORYLATION AND BRANCHING ON WINE POLYPHENOL INTERACTIONS WITH YEAST CELL WALLS

IMPACT OF MANNOPROTEIN N-GLYCOSYL PHOSPHORYLATION AND BRANCHING ON WINE POLYPHENOL INTERACTIONS WITH YEAST CELL WALLS

Abstract

Yeast cell walls (CWs) may adsorb wine components with a significant impact on wine quality. When dealing with red wines, this adsorption is mainly related to physicochemical interactions between wine polyphenols and cell wall mannoproteins. However, mannoproteins are a heterogeneous family of complex peptidoglycans including long and highly branched N-linked oligosaccharides and short linear O-linked oligosaccharides, resulting in a huge structural diversity. Furthermore, the presence of mannosyl phosphate groups confers a net negative charge to the cell surface. The structural features in mannoproteins that promote their interactions with polyphenols and adsorption specificity are not clearly established yet. This work aimed to study the impact of mannosyl phosphorylation and mannan backbone branching on polyphenol adsorption by yeast cell walls.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae BY4742 Wild-type and mnn4 and mnn2 mutants (involved in N-glycosyl phosphorylation and mannan backbone branching, respectively) were obtained from EUROSCARF. Cell walls were purified and characterized in terms of total nitrogen, neutral sugar, and global charges. Their interactions with a red wine polyphenolic pool were studied in a wine-like solution by means of adsorption isotherms. Polyphenols were analyzed by means of UV-visible spectrophotometry and High-Per-formance Size-Exclusion Chromatography.

High molecular weight tannins and derived pigments were preferentially adsorbed whatever CW types, however, their affinity was significantly lower for mutants as compared to the wild-type. The mnn4 and mnn2 mutations induced changes in the mannose/protein ratio and a decrease of the CW net charge at wine pH. Both mutations induced a decrease in polyphenol affinity as well as a decrease in CW biosorption capacity, however, the latter was much more pronounced for the mnn4 mutant (N-glycosyl phosphorylation).

This work evidenced the key role of mannosyl phosphorylation on yeast CW functionality regarding wine polyphenol adsorption.

 

1. Mekoue Nguela, J., Teuf, O., Bicca, S. A., & Vernhet, A. (2023). Impact of mannoprotein N-glycosyl phosphorylation and branching on the sorption of wine polyphenols by yeasts and yeast cell walls. Food Chemistry, 403, 134326.
2. Bicca, S. A., Poncet-Legrand, C., Williams, P., Mekoue Nguela, J., Doco, T., & Vernhet, A. (2022). Structural characteristics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mannoproteins: Impact of their polysaccharide part. Carbohydrate Polymers, 277, 118758.
3. Caridi, A., Sidari, R., Krakova, L., Kuchta, T., & Pangallo, D. (2015). Assessment of color adsorption by yeast using grape skin agar and impact on red wine color. Journal International de La Vigne et Du Vin, 49, 195–203.
4. Bozic, T. J., Butinar, L., Albreht, A., Vovk, I., Korte, D., & Mozeti, B. (2020). LWT – Food Science and Technology The impact of Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces yeasts on wine colour : A laboratory study of vinylphenolic pyranoanthocyanin formation and anthocyanin cell wall adsorption. Food Science and Technology, 123(October 2019), 109072. 

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

J. Mekoue Nguela¹, O. Teuf¹, S. Assuncao Bicca¹, N. Sieczkowski² ,A. Vernhet¹
1. SPO, Institut Agro Montpellier, INRAE, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
2. Lallemand SAS, 19 rue des Briquetiers, BP 59, 31 702 Blagnac, France.

Contact the author*

Keywords

Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell walls, Mannosyl phosphorylation, Mannan branching, Wine polyphenols adsorption

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

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