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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Juvenile-to-adult vegetative phase transition in grapevine 

Juvenile-to-adult vegetative phase transition in grapevine 

Abstract

The sequential activity of miR156 and miR172 controls the juvenile to adult phase transition in many plant species, where miR156 abundance decreases while miR172 increases along plant development. Very little is known about phase transition in horticultural woody species, which show substantially long vegetative phases. In grapevine, phase transition seems to be dissociated, displaying a first transition from juvenile to adult vegetative state in the first year, coincident with tendril differentiation and a subsequent induction of inflorescences in place of some of tendrils in later years under flowering inductive environmental conditions. Since grapevine is a highly heterozygous species, the generation of genetically homogeneous material for replicated transcriptomic analyses from seed-derived plants was a main challenge. Here, we present a detailed global gene expression analysis of the juvenile-to-adult phase transition during the development of grapevine plantlets grown from seeds. The RNA-seq analysis demonstrated that miR156 was significantly repressed in the grapevine’s adult phase, where the appearance of tendrils acts as a marker of the transition. Consistent with the results reported in other species, we observed the activation of several SPL genes, known to be targets of miR156, and providing evidence for the conservation of the regulatory module miR156-SPLs in grapevine. However, no variation was detected in the expression of miR172, a key determinant in the transition to flowering in other species. This could be explained considering that grapevines do not flower during the first years of growth. Interestingly, we were still able to observe the overexpression of several genes known to be involved in the floral meristem identity transition which were also been detected along tendril development, consistently with the proposed common ontogenetic origin of tendrils and inflorescences in the Vitaceae family.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Article

Authors

Diego Lijavetzky1*, Yolanda Ferradás2,3, Carolina Royo3, José Miguel Martínez-Zapater3

1Instituto de Biología Agrícola de Mendoza (IBAM, CONICET-UNCuyo), Almirante Brown 500, M5528AHB. Chacras de Coria, Mendoza, Argentina
2Departamento de Biología Funcional, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
3Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Universidad de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

phase change, juvenile phase, flowering transition, tendril development, miRNA, RNA-seq.

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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