Terroir 2016 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Terroir Conferences 9 Terroir 2016 9 Climates of Wine Regions Worldwide 9 A fine-scale approach to map bioclimatic indices using and comparing dynamical and geostatistical methods

A fine-scale approach to map bioclimatic indices using and comparing dynamical and geostatistical methods


Climate, especially temperature, plays a major role in grapevine development. Several bioclimaticindices have been created to relate temperature to grapevine phenology (e.g. Winkler Index, Huglin Index, Grapevine Flowering Véraison model [GFV]). However, temperature variability can be significant at vineyard scale, so knowledge of the various climatic mechanisms leading to this variability is essential in order to improve local management of vineyards in response to climate change. Indeed, current climate change models are not accurate enough to take into account temperature variability at the vineyard scale (Dunn et al., 2015).

This study therefore proposes a method for compare regional modelling and fine-scale observations to map temperatures and bioclimatic indices at fine spatial resolution for some recent growing seasons. This study focuses on two vineyard areas, the Saint-Emilion and Pomerol region in France and the Marlborough vineyard region in New Zealand. A regression model using temperature from networks of measurements has been created in order to map temperature and bioclimatic indices at vineyard scale (100 metres for Marlborough and 25 metres for Saint-Emilion and Pomerol). To complement the field measurements, the advanced physics-based three-dimensional numerical weather model Weather Research and Forecasting – WRF (http://wrf-model.org/index.php) has been used, providing hourly meteorological parameters over a complete growing season for each site at 1, 3 and 9 and 27 kilometre resolution. The output of the WRF model provides temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, and solar radiation data at these different resolutions.

The application of different scales of modelling allows improvement in understanding the climate component of the specific terroirs of the study areas.


Publication date: June 23, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2016

Type: Article


Renan Le Roux (1), Marwan Katurji (2), PeymanZawar-Reza (2), Laure de Rességuier (3), Andrew Sturman (2), Cornelis van Leeuwen (3), Amber Parker (4), Mike Trought (5) and Hervé Quénol (1)

(1) LETG-COSTEL, UMR 6554 CNRS, Université de Rennes 2, Place du Recteur Henri Le Moal, Rennes, France
(2) Centre for Atmospheric Research, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
(3) EGFV, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRA, Univ. Bordeaux, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d’Ornon,France
(4) Lincoln University, P O Box 85084, Lincoln, Christchurch, New Zealand
(5) New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd, Blenheim, Marlborough, New Zealand

Contact the author


Climate, phenology, grapevine, bioclimatic indices, modelling


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2016


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.