terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Regulation of terpene production in methyl jasmonate treated cell-cultures

Regulation of terpene production in methyl jasmonate treated cell-cultures

Abstract

Terpenes are responsible for flavors and aromas of grapes, however, they also protect from radiation, participate in biotic stress and antioxidant mechanisms. The phytohormone methyl jasmonate (MeJA) mediates many of these stress responses and has been associated with increased terpene content in berries. Here, we generated transcriptomic data of Vitis vinifera cv. ‘Gamay’ cells treated with MeJA (100 μM) and cyclodextrins (50 μM) to understand these responses. Ontology analysis revealed that up-regulated genes (URGs) were enriched in jasmonic acid biosynthesis and signaling terms, as expected. Inspection of transcription factors (TFs) among URGs allowed us to study uncharacterized TFs.  MapMan enrichment analysis on their TOP420 co-expressed genes (CEGs) allowed us to delimit some TFs highly enriched in jasmonate-related terms. This was the case of VviMYC2, the only grape member of the bHLH IIIe subgroup, and the best candidate for studying the regulation of jasmonate signaling. We confirmed the binding potential of MYC2 by DAP-seq, and combining it to the list of MeJA-URGs and MYC2-CEGs, we generated a list of high-confidence targets that included jasmonate-related genes and TFs such as MYB24, previously found to interact with MYC2 and required for the activation of terpenoid genes. In concordance, our MeJA data showed 13 significantly induced TPS genes, 9 of which are bound by MYB24, MYC2 or both. A few terpenoid compounds associated with the induced TPSs were significantly accumulated by MeJA. Our data suggests MYC2 regulates the jasmonate pathway and mediates terpene production cooperating with MYB24 in response to MeJA.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Jone Echeverria1, Chen Zhang1, Chiara Foresti2 Antonio Santiago1, Luis Orduña1, Paolo Sonego3, Massimo Pindo3, Sara Zenoni2, Marco Moretto3, José Tomás Matus1*

1 Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio), Universitat de València-CSIC, Paterna, 46980, Valencia, Spain
2 Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, 37134, Verona, Italy
3 Center Agriculture Food Environment (C3A), University of Trento/Fondazione Edmund Mach, via E. Mach 1, 38098, San Michele all’Adige (TN), Italy

Contact the author*

Keywords

gene expression, plant cell suspensions, terpenes, methyl jasmonate, transcription factors

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

‘TROPICAL’ POLYFUNCTIONAL THIOLS AND THEIR ROLE IN AUSTRALIAN RED WINES

Following anecdotal evidence of unwanted ‘tropical’ character in red wines resulting from vineyard interventions and a subsequent yeast trial observing higher ‘red fruit’ character correlated with higher thiol concentrations, the role of polyfunctional thiols in commercial Australian red wines was investigated.
First, trials into the known tropical thiol modulation technique of foliar applications of sulfur and urea were conducted in parallel on Chardonnay and Shiraz.1 The Chardonnay wines showed expected results with elevated concentrations of 3-sulfanylhexanol (3-SH) and 3-sulfanylhexyl acetate (3-SHA), whereas the Shiraz wines lacked 3-SHA. Furthermore, the Shiraz wines were described as ‘drain’ (known as ‘reductive’ aroma character) during sensory evaluation although they did not contain thiols traditionally associated with ‘reductive’ thiols (H2S, methanethiol etc.).

“Compost Application in the Vineyard: Effects on Soil Nutrition and Compaction”

The mechanization of pruning and harvesting in vineyards has increased the risk of soil compaction. To reclaim soil properties or avoid this degradation process, it is crucial to properly manage the soil organic matter, and the application of compost derived from the vines themselves is a strategy to achieve this. The objective of this study was to evaluate the properties of soil treated with different doses of compost applied both on the vine row and the inter rows of a Vitis vinifera crop.

Changes in red wine composition during bottle aging: impacts of viticultural conditions and oxygen availability

Bottle ageing is considered essential for most premium red wine production. An important aim of bottle ageing of wine is to achieve a balance between the oxidative and reductive development. This is typically evaluated by the accumulation of aldehyde compounds (causing oxidative off-flavour) and sulfur-containing compounds (causing reductive off-flavour) in the wine [1]

Some applications come from a method to concentrate proteins

All techniques usually used to assay proteins was not reliable in vegetable extract due to interferences with the components included in extracts like polyphenols, tanins, pectines, aromatics compounds. Absorbance at 280nm, Kjeldhal assay, Biuret and Lowry methods, Acid Bicinchonique technique and Bradford assay give the results depending on the composition of extract, on the presence or not of detergent and on the raw material (Marchal, 1995). Another difficulty in these extracts for the quantification of proteins comes from the large amount of water included in vegetable and the low concentration of proteins. Thus in red wines, proteins are usually not taken into account due to their low concentration (typically below 10 mgL-1) and to the presence of anthocyanis and polyphenols.

Soil management of interrow spacing as an important factor to protect the vineyard soils from runoff and erosion under the Mediterranean climate

Nearly one third of the Herault vineyard (south of France) is planted on soils very sensitive to water runoff and erosion