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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Challenges for the Implementation of commercial inoculum of arbuscular fungi in a commercial Callet vineyard (Vitis vinifera L.)

Challenges for the Implementation of commercial inoculum of arbuscular fungi in a commercial Callet vineyard (Vitis vinifera L.)


Over the past 70 years, scientific literature has consistently illustrated the advantageous effects of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) on plant growth and stress tolerance. Recent reviews not only reaffirm these findings but also underscore the pivotal role of AMF in ensuring the sustainability of viticulture. In fact, various companies actively promote commercial inoculants based on AMF as biofertilizers or biostimulants for sustainable viticulture. However, despite the touted benefits of these products, the consistent effectiveness of AMF inoculants in real-world field conditions remains uncertain. Our study investigates the influence of a commercial AMF inoculant containing a mycorrhizal complex of Rhizophagus irregularis and Funneliformis mosseae on a five-year-old vineyard featuring a local grape cultivar (Callet) grafted onto a common rootstock (R110). We monitored the physiological well-being and productivity of inoculated vines compared to control counterparts. Additionally, we assessed the impact of inoculation on the root fungal community determined by NGS of roots DNA from ITS (fungi) regions using Illumina technology. We did not find a statistically significant increase in the photosynthetic rate of inoculated plants, although it did present significantly greater stomatal conductance. Moreover, there were not statistical differences on productivity or grape quality. There was a slight increase in root fungal Shannon diversity in the inoculated plants at beginning of summer but without generating statistically significant differences.  Furthermore, the analysis of the fungal community of the roots, conducted through NMDS with the Bray-Curtis distance, showed no detectable changes in the fungal community after inoculation.

Numerous studies highlight the context-dependent nature of AMF inoculation’s effects, making it challenging to predict outcomes in field conditions. Failures encountered in trials like ours contribute valuable information to the scientific literature, aiding in the determination of prerequisites for effective biofertilizer use in commercial agriculture. Ultimately, the effectiveness of AMF-based biofertilizers remains contingent on specific conditions, highlighting the need for additional research to ensure their consistent and reliable application.

Funding: PID2021-125575OR-C22 project funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033/ and FEDER Una manera de hacer Europa


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster


Elena Baraza 1,2, Joshua Borras 1, Arantzazu Molins 1.2, and Josefina Bota* 1,2  

1 Research Group on Plant Biology under Mediterranean Conditions, Departament de Biologia, Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)
2 Agro-Environmental and Water Economics Institute (INAGEA). Carretera de Valldemossa Km 7.5, 07122 Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain

Contact the author*


Arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF), Biofertilizer, Effectiveness, NGS (Next-Generation Sequencing), Root fungal community, Sustainability


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


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