terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Novel approaches and promising perspectives for enhancing grapevine editing and regeneration

Novel approaches and promising perspectives for enhancing grapevine editing and regeneration


Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is a challenging plant species to transform and regenerate due to its complex genome and biological characteristics. This limits the development of cisgenic and gene-edited varieties. One hurdle is selecting the best starting tissue for the transformation process, much like isolating suitable tissue for protoplasts. One promising method involves delivering CRISPR/Cas components to protoplasts isolated from embryogenic calli, which are then induced to regenerate. However, this process is inefficient, time-consuming, and only applicable to a few genotypes. To enhance grapevine regeneration efficiency, the expression of developmental and plant growth regulators shows promise in escaping the recalcitrance encountered in traditional tissue culture methods. A strategy based on the Bean yellow dwarf virus (BeYDV) allows for the temporary expression of regulators while minimizing the risk of obtaining transgenic plants. Additionally, the high copy number replication of BeYDV allows for high CRISPR/CAS levels, thereby improving editing. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effects of individual or combined developmental regulators’ expression on grapevine embryogenic tissues. We conducted preliminary assays using BeYDV-derived vectors for luciferase reporter gene expression to optimize delivery efficiencies. Assays were performed on ‘Chardonnay’ calli and protoplasts using both agrobacterium-mediated transformation and protoplast transfection approaches. The present study seeks to enhance the transformation protocols and regeneration processes, with the ultimate aim of realizing the full potential of editing technologies in grapevine.


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster


Flavia Angela Maria Maggiolini1*, Margherita D’Amico1, Lucia Rosaria Forleo1, Annalisa Prencipe2, Bruna Suriano1, Mario Ventura2, Maria Francesca Cardone1, Riccardo Velasco1, Carlo Bergamini1

1 Council for Agricultural Research and Economics – Research Center Viticulture and Enology (CREA-VE), Via Casamassima 148-70010 Turi (Ba), Italy
2 Department of Biosciences, Biotechnology and Environment, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70125 Bari, Italy.

Contact the author*


Vitis vinifera, genome editing, protoplasts, developmental regulators, BeYDV


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


Related articles…

Adaptability of grapevines to climate change: characterization of phenology and sugar accumulation of 50 varieties, under hot climate conditions

Climate is the major factor influencing the dynamics of the vegetative cycle and can determine the timing of phenological periods. Knowledge of the phenology of varieties, their chronological duration, and thermal requirements, allows not only for the better management of interventions in the vineyard, but also to predict the varieties’ behaviour in a scenario of climate change, giving the wine producer the possibility of selecting the grape varieties that are best adapted to the climatic conditions of a certain terroir. In 2014, Symington Family Estates, Vinhos, established two grape variety libraries in two different places with distinctive climate conditions (Douro Superior, and Cima Corgo), with the commitment of contributing to a deeper agronomic and oenological understanding of some grape varieties, in hot climate conditions. In these research vineyards are represented local varieties that are important in the regional and national viticulture, but also others that have over time been forgotten — as well as five international reference cultivars. From 2017 to 2021, phenological observations have been made three times a week, following a defined protocol, to determine the average dates of budbreak, flowering and veraison. With the climate data of each location, the thermal requirements of each variety and the chronological duration of each phase have been calculated. During maturation, berry samples have been gathered weekly to study the dynamics of sugar accumulation, between other parameters. The data was analysed applying phenological and sugar accumulation models available in literature. The results obtained show significant differences between the varieties over several parameters, from the chronological duration and thermal requirements to complete the various stages of development, to the differences between the two locations, confirming the influence of the climate on phenology and the stages of maturation, in these specific conditions.


Yeast-derived aroma compounds are the result of different and complex biochemical pathways that mainly occur during alcoholic fermentation. Many of them are related -but not limited- to the availability of nutrients in the fermentation medium and linked to nitrogen metabolism and biomass produced. Besides, the metabolic phase of yeast also regulates the expression of many enzymes involved in the formation of aroma active compounds. The work investigates the overall effect of continuous supplementation of nutrients during alcoholic fermentation of a grape must on the volatile composition of wines.

Prediction of aromatic attributes of red wines from its colour properties 

Wine perception is a multisensory experience that makes use of the sight, smell, and taste senses. When wine is sensorially assessed, the stimulus received generates multiple signals that tasters convert into organoleptic descriptors. Colour is commonly the first attribute evaluated during wine tasting. Moreover, the colour properties provide the taster with a priori information of the wine’s aroma. This preconceived perception is later confirmed or denied during the aroma evaluation.

Sensory characterisation and consumer perspectives of Australian Cabernet Sauvignon wine typicity

Aim: To identify the sensory attributes responsible for the typicity of Cabernet Sauvignon wines from three Australian Geographical Indications (GIs) and to explore consumer purchase behaviour and preference with regard to regional wines.


Oenococcus oeni is the main Lactic Acid Bacteria responsible for malolactic fermentation, converting malic acid into lactic acid and carbon dioxide in wines. Following the alcoholic fermentation, this second fermentation ensures a deacidification and remains essential for the release of aromatic notes and the improvement of microbial stability in many wines. Nevertheless, wine is a harsh environment for microbial growth, especially because of its low pH (between 2.9 and 3.6 depending on the type of wine) and nutrient deficiency. In order to maintain homeostasis and ensure viability, O. oeni possesses different cellular mechanisms including organic acid metabolisms which represent also the major pathway to synthetize energy in wine.