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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Effects of Silver Thiosulphate and Salicylic Acid on the long-term maintenance of the embryogenic callus of Vitis vinifera

Effects of Silver Thiosulphate and Salicylic Acid on the long-term maintenance of the embryogenic callus of Vitis vinifera

Abstract

New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) have the potential to revolutionize the genetic improvement of grapevine. However, the practical application of these techniques is limited by several challenges, such as the difficulty in generating embryogenic calluses, maintaining their competence during in vitro cultivation, and regenerating plants without defects. To overcome these challenges, we conducted a study to test the effect of two treatments on callus cultures derived from different grapevine varieties, with and without embryogenic competence. The tested substances were Silver Thiosulphate (STS) an ethylene inhibitor, and Salicylic Acid (SA), an elicitor with different effects depending on the concentration of use beyond the ethylene inhibitor activity. Our observations revealed a differential response to the treatments depending on the tested variety. In some varieties, STS treatment enhanced the embryogenic competence of the calluses, while also having a growth-depressing effect on the non-embryogenic calluses. In contrast, the effect of SA was more dose-dependent and varied across different varieties. In some cases, the highest tested concentration of SA had a growth-depressing effect on both embryogenic and non-embryogenic calluses, while in other cases, it only affected embryogenic calluses. Despite these variations, both STS and SA treatments showed promising results in enhancing embryogenic competence, and we are currently evaluating the regeneration of embryos from callus after these treatments and the combined effects of STS and SA. Our study highlights the importance of testing the efficacy of different treatments on multiple grapevine varieties to identify the most effective strategies for NPBT applications.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Lucia Rosaria Forleo1*, Bruna Suriano1, Flavia Angela Maria Maggiolini1, Margherita D’Amico1, Annalisa Prencipe2, Teodora Basile1, Riccardo Velasco1, Maria Francesca Cardone1, Carlo Bergamini1

1 Council for Agricultural Research and Economics -Research Center Viticulture and Enology (CREA-VE), Via Casamassima 148-70010 Turi (Ba), Italy
2 Department of Biosciences, Biotechnology and Environment, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70125 Bari, Italy

Contact the author*

Keywords

embryogenic callus, ethylene inhibitor, silver thiosulphate, salicylic acid

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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