Terroir 2014 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Evaluation of state of vineyards and characterization of vineyard sites of the integrated area of Tokaj Kereskedőház ltd. in Tokaj region

Evaluation of state of vineyards and characterization of vineyard sites of the integrated area of Tokaj Kereskedőház ltd. in Tokaj region


The Tokaj Kereskedőház Ltd. is the only state owned winery in Hungary. The company is integrating grapes for wine production from 1100 hectares of vineyard, which consist of 3500 parcels with average size of 0,3 hectares, owned by about 500 families of the region. The vineyards are unevenly spread in total 27 village of Tokaj region. 

The aim of our study was to determine the state of vineyards of each single parcel of the integrated area, and the characterization of the ecology of the vineyard sites. Based on the information collected a site-specific vineyard design and cultural practice could be achieved on the given territory. 

The state of vineyards, concerning variety, training system, trellis system, row and vine spacing, row orientation, and production characteristic was determined by visual inspection of every single parcel. Airborne hyperspectral imagery was taken, covering the whole Tokaj Wine Region. High-resolution spectral-spatial geodata were captured and analyzed to focus on variety determination, evaluate biophysical properties (NDVI, LAI, Red Edge Position), canopy continuity, structure and identify row anomalies. 

The characterization of vineyards sites was accomplished based on large-scale determination of topography, soil and meso- and macroclimate variables covering the total 11000 hectares planted and potential vineyard land area of Tokaj Region. According to soil survey Digital Optimalized Soil Related Maps and Information Method was taken to produce the proper thematic data layers in 25 m spatial resolution. Results of surveys are analyzed and managed in a geographical information system designed for the project. 

The methods applied during the data collection and analysis will be detailed, while the preliminary results of the state of vineyard and the characterization of vineyard sites will be demonstrated.


Publication date: July 28, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2014

Type: Article


Gy. LUKÁCSY (1), A. TOMBOR (2), G. GORECZKY (2), L. NAGY (2), J. SZABÓ (3), P. LÁSZLÓ (3), P. BURAI (4), L. BEKŐ (4), A. JUNG (5), D. KRISTÓF (6), Gy. D. BISZTRAY (1), B. BÁLÓ (1)

(1) Department of Viticulture Institute of Viticulture and Oenology Corvinus University of Budapest 
(2) Tokaj Kereskedőház Ltd. 
(3) Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy for Sciences 
(4) Research Institute of Remote Sensing and Rural Development, University of Károly Róbert 
(5) Department of Geoinformatics & Remote Sensing, University of Leipzig, Germany 
(6) Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing 

Contact the author


Tokaj, vineyard survey, characterization of vineyard site, digital soil mapping, LIDAR survey, hyperspectral imaging


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2014


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.