Terroir 2014 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Terroir zoning in appellation campo de borja (northeast Spain): Preliminary results

Terroir zoning in appellation campo de borja (northeast Spain): Preliminary results

Abstract

The components and methodology for characterization of the terroir have been described by Gómez-Miguel & Sotés (1993-2014, 2003) and Gómez-Miguel (2011) taking into account the full range of environmental factors (i.e: climate, lithology, vegetation, topography, soils, altitude, etc.), landscape variables (derived from photo-interpretation and a digital elevation model), and specific variables to the country’s viticulture (i.e: size and distribution of the vineyards, varieties, phenology, productivity, quality, designation regulations, etc.). 

This methodology describes: the integration of the resulting database in a Geographic Information System (GIS) that allows the spatial and statistical analysis of all variables; the parametric system of variable quantification; the selection of main endogenous and exogenous variables for terroir characterization; and the role of the all variables in the final results. The analysis has been carried out on over 4,5 million ha. 

This paper presents the results (1:25.000) of a case studied in the Northeast Spain. The Campo de Borja region (DO Campo de Borja, Spain) expands on 65 240 ha and includes 6 815 ha (2012) of vineyards (figure 1). The observed distribution of vineyards in this county is correlated to the integrated landscape-terrain classification and productivity but does not depend on the total available area for cultivation. The results of the final study have general implications for terroir zoning in the region and define a set of methodological guidelines: a) definition of the set of variables that define the terroir b) definition of the Homogeneous Terroir Units (HTU); c) characterization of the homogeneous environmental terroir units; d) final zoning: integration of the HTU with the plant (variety and rootstock) and the product (must and wine). 

This paper describes the role of the vegetation (figure 2A) and the climate (figure 2) as active factors upon the lithology (lithological groups, figure 4)) and the geomorphology (geophorms, drainage, altitude, slope, figure 5-8) as passive factors in the terroir configuration in the DO Campo de Borja (Spain).

DOI:

Publication date: July 29, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2014

Type: Article

Authors

Vicente GÓMEZ-MIGUEL, Vicente SOTÉS, Joaquín CÁMARA, Álvaro MARTÍNEZ

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; c/ Puerta de Hierro, 2; 28040-Madrid, Spain

Contact the author

Keywords

terroir, zoning, landscape, lithology, climate, soil, Geographic Information System, Campo de Borja, Spain

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2014

Citation

Related articles…

Monitoring early rooting behavior of grapevine rootstocks: a 2D-imaging approach

The plasticity of grapevines in response to diverse growing conditions is influenced, among other factors, by the extent to which the roots explore the soil and the ability to accumulate and retrieve water and nutrients. Newly planted grapevines, in particular, face challenges due to limited resources. The young plant’s ability for a fast and intensive penetration of the soil is vital in periods of water scarcity. The selection of an appropriate, site-specific rootstock significantly impacts both, the quality of the fruit produced and the economic success of the wine estate.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae intraspecies differentiation by metabolomic signature and sensory patterns in wine

AIM: The composition and quality of wine are directly linked to microorganisms involved in the alcoholic fermentation. Several studies have been conducted on the impact of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on volatile compounds composition after fermentation. However, if different studies have dealt with combined sensory and volatiles analyses, few works have compared so far the impact of distinct yeast strains on the global metabolome of the wine.

Implementation of hyperspectral image analysis for evaluating table grape quality on bunch and berry level

Typically, subjective, and visual methods are used by grape growers to assess harvest maturity. These methods may not accurately represent the maturity of an entire vineyard – especially if extensive and representative sampling was not used. New technologies have been investigated for improved harvest management decisions. Spectroscopy methods utilizing the near-infrared region of the light spectrum is one such technology investigated as an alternative to classic methods, particularly the application hyperspectral imaging (HSI) a spectroscopic technique that obtains hundreds of images at different wavelengths collecting spectra data for each pixel in the sample have gained attention in research.

Impact of grapevine leafroll virus infections on vine physiology and the berry transcriptome

Grapevine leafroll associated virus (GLRaV) infections deteriorate vine physiological performance and cause high losses of yield and fruit quality

Study of grape plant behaviour (cv. Chasselas) on various “terroirs” of the Vaud county (Switzerland)

L’étude du comportement physiologique et agronomique de la vigne (cv. Chasselas) a été réalisée en 2001 par la Station fédérale de recherches en production végétale de Changins sur divers terroirs viticoles vaudois (Suisse), dans le cadre d’un projet d’étude des terroirs viticoles vaudois en collaboration avec le bureau I LETESSIER (SIGALES) à Grenoble et l’École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).