Terroir 2014 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Aroma profile of Tempranillo tropical red wines from different seasons in the São Francisco valley, northeast of Brazil

Aroma profile of Tempranillo tropical red wines from different seasons in the São Francisco valley, northeast of Brazil


Aromatic characteristics of wines are strongly influenced by agronomical and enological factors, depending of the climate, cultivar and winemaking process. Tropical wines are a new concept of vitiviniculture that is being developped in the Northeast of Brazil since the 80’s, located between 8-9º latitude of the South Hemisphere, where the second most important cultivar used for reds is Tempranillo. In this condition, vines produce grapes and enologists elaborate wines twice a year, because high temperatures, solar radiation and water availability for irrigation.

The aim of this work was to determine aromatic profiles of Tempranillo red wines, from three vintages, by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The volatile compounds were extracted by SPME and analyzed on a Shimadzu GC 2010 Plus instrument. The volatile compounds were identified by comparison of the mass spectra recorded by the spectrometer database-NIST, as well as matching the retention indices and mass spectra with the literature data. The concentration of the volatile compounds was determined and quantified by an external calibration curve.

Results are discussed and showed that Tempranillo red wines presented different aroma profiles according to the vintage and seasons, and compounds were identified as esters, alcohols, acids, hydrocarbons and phenylpropanoid. The comparison of the results with data from the literature suggests that the Tempranillo tropical wines were influenced by climate and cultivar factors, presenting typicality that is highly valorized for wines from a determined region worldwide.


Publication date: August 18, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2014

Type: Article


Kirley Marques CANUTO (1),, Edy Souza de BRITO (1), Juliane Barreto de OLIVEIRA (2), Ana Júlia de Brito ARAÚJO (3), Aline Camarão Telles BIASOTO (2), Tigressa Helena S. RODRIGUES (1), Hilton César R. MAGALHÃES (1), Giuliano Elias PEREIRA (4)

(1) Embrapa Tropical Agroindustry, Fortaleza-CE, Brazil
(2) Embrapa Tropical Semi-Arid, Petrolina-PE, Brazil
(3) IF Sertão, Petrolina-PE, Brazil

Contact the author


Vitis vinifera L., grape; Tempranillo, tropical wines, volatile compounds, typicality


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2014


Related articles…

Integrative grape to wine metabolite analyses to study the vineyard “memory” of wine

Wine production is a complex multi-step process and the end-product is not easily defined in terms of composition and quality due to the diversity of the raw materials (grapes) and the biological agents (yeast and bacteria) used/present during the fermentation. Furthermore, linking what happens in the vineyard to the wine fermentation and ultimately to characteristics in the wine during ageing

Enological, economical, social and viticulture ”terroir” units as fundamental elements of mosaic of “big” zoning

Nous savons tous très bien qu’on a assisté au cours de ces dix dernières années à une éclosion soudaine de recherches sur le zonage viti-vinicole qui, à partir par exemple du modèle du concept de “terroir”, se sont de plus en plus enrichies en passant aux “Unités ou Systèmes de Transformation” (UTTE) et “Valorisation” (UTCE) pour terminer avec les “Systèmes productifs globaux du Territoire” (UTB) comprenant en filière les aspects existentiels (UTBES), sociaux (UTBSO) et économiques (UTBEC) hypothisés dans le “GRANDE ZONAZIONE: Grand zonage” (MORLAT R., 1996, CARBONNEAU A., 1996, TOUZARD J.M. 1998, CARBONNEAU A., CARGNELLO G., 1996, 1998, CARGNELLO G., 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, -MILOTIC A., CARGNELLO G., PERSURIC G., 1999, PERSURIC G., STAYER M., CARGNELLO G., 2000, MILOTIC A., OPLANIC M., CARGNELLO G., PERSURIC G., 2000).

Innovative approaches for fungicide resistance monitoring in precision management of grapevine downy mildew

Effective control with fungicides is essential to protect grapevine from downy mildew, a devastating disease caused by the oomycete Plasmopara viticola. Managing this disease faces challenges in maintaining fungicide efficacy as the number of modes of action decreases and the risk of fungicide resistance increases. Long-term measures should address strains resistant to multiple modes of action, that can be selected by the repeated use of single-site fungicides. For these reasons, a precision management of the disease, that considers the selection of the best fungicide schedule according to the sensitivity profile of the pathogen population, is needed.

Chitosan elicits mono-glucosylated stilbene production and release in fed-batch fermentation of grape cells 

In the present study, the optimal conditions of grape (Vitis vinifera cv ‘Barbera’) cell cultures in batch and fed-batch bioreactor processes were studied to specifically improve the production of mono-glucosylated stilbenes.

Evaluation of grape and wine quality according to harvest date, in a tropical region in Northeast Brazil

The Northeast region of Brazil is characterized by a semi-arid climate, has produced tropical wines since twenty years ago. The region is located at 09º 09’ South, 40º 22’ West, 365.5 m