Terroir 2012 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Precision viticulture: using on-board sensors to map vine variability and characterize vine trajectories

Precision viticulture: using on-board sensors to map vine variability and characterize vine trajectories

Abstract

Precision viticulture consists in using ICT (Information and Communication Technology) to implement more specific and better targeted technical vine practices. With proxy-detection, precision viticulture mobilizes on-board sensors, computers, and GNSS positioning. Three sensors were embedded on a tractor and tested on a plot with three champagne grape varieties. This plot is located at the Plumecoq experimental vineyard (CIVC, Champagne, France). The first sensor is a pruning wood sensor (Physiocap) designed and developed by CIVC. Physiocap is used during dormancy season to characterize vine architecture by measuring shoot vigor, shoot number and biomass. The other two are growing season sensors. GreenSeeker Trimble provides a vegetative vine index by measuring foliage porosity. Multiplex Force-A characterizes vine metabolism through chlorophyll, anthocyanin, flavonol, and nitrogen leaf content. Data from these sensors define the physiological state of the vine at the time of measure. The sensors can also map spatial vine variability within a plot or between plots. To understand the vineyard as a whole, the combination of biomass indexes and leaf contents is interesting. In this case, there was some good correlation between the indexes and yield and must compounds such as nitrogen, acidity or sugar. By collecting sensor data at several key stages, it is possible to plot vine trajectories. Vine trajectory describes the physiological developments made by the vineyard according to its initial potential. It depends on annual climatic conditions and physical environment. Vine trajectories are useful to understand the effect of year and terroir.

DOI:

Publication date: October 1, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2012

Type: Article

Authors

Sébastien DEBUISSON, Manon MORLET, Claire GERMAIN, Olivier GARCIA, Laurent PANIGAÏ, Dominique MONCOMBLE

Comité Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne (CIVC)

Contact the author

Keywords

Precision viticulture, vine trajectory, multiplex, NDVI, Pruning wood sensor

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2012

Citation

Related articles…

Assessment of environmental sustainability of wine growing activity in France

To meet the demand of assessment tool of vine growers and their advisers we adapted to the vine production the INDIGO® method to developed initially for arable farming.

Carbon isotope discrimination in berry juice sugars: changes in response to soil water deficits across a range of vitis vinifera cultivars

In wine producing regions around the world, climate change has the potential to decrease the frequency and amount of precipitation and increase average and extreme temperatures. This will lower soil water availability and increase evaporative demand, thereby increasing the frequency and intensity of water deficit experienced in vineyards. Among other things, grapevines manage water deficit by regulating stomatal closure. The dynamics of this regulation, however, have not been well characterized across the range of Vitis vinifera cultivars. Providing a method to understand how different cultivars regulate their stomata, and hence water use in response to changes in soil water deficits will help growers manage vineyards and select plant material to better meet quality and yield objectives in a changing climate.

Genotype-environment interaction of three cultivars of vitis vinifera L. cultivated in two different environments of the Ischia island: effect on production and quality; aspects of the quality of the obtained wines

Pendant une période de trois années le comportement productif et qualitatif de trois cépages tous indigènes de la région de Campania (Italie méridionale) dans deux terroirs de l’île d’Ischia a été étudié; ceci pour obtenir quelques indications préliminaires sur le comportement productif et qualitatif des cépages et sur la qualité des vins.

Determination of titratable acidity, sugar and organic acid content in red and white wine grape cultivars during ripening by VIS–NIR hy¬perspectral imaging

Grape harvest time is one of the most fundamental aspects that affect grape quality and thus wine quality. Many factors influence the decision of harvest; among them technological and phenolic maturity of grape. Technological ripeness is mainly related to sugar concentration, titratable acidity and pH. Conventional methods for chemical analysis of grapes are normally sample-destructive, time-consuming, include laborious sample preparation steps, and generate chemical waste, thereby limiting their utility in online/in-line quality monitoring. Moreover, destructive analyses can be performed only on a limited number of fruit pieces and, thus, their statistical relevance could be limited. This study evaluated the ability of a lab-scale hyperspectral imaging (HYP-IM) technique to predict titratable acidity, organic acid and sugar content of grapes. Samples of Cabernet franc and Chenin blanc grapes were consecutively collected six times at weekly intervals after veraison. The images were recorded thanks to the hyperspectral imaging camera Pica L (Resonon) in a spectral range from 400 to 1000 nm. Statistics were performed using Microsoft Xlstat software. Successively, the berries were analyzed for their sugar (glucose and fructose) and organic acid (malic and tartaric acid) content and titratable acidity according to usual methods.

New plant protein extracts as fining agents for red wines

AIM: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a non-allergenic pseudocereal with a high protein content