New methods and technologies to describe the environment in terroir studies
The concept of terroir in viticulture deals with the influence of environmental factors on vine behaviour and grape ripening. Recent advances in technology, in particular computer technology, allow a more in-depth study of the environment. Geomorphology can be studied with digital Elevation Models (DEM). Soils can be surveyed with geophysics. The development of automatic weather stations allows more dense registration of climatic parameters like temperature and rainfall. Solar radiation can be remotely sensed with satellites and rainfall with radar. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) allow combining various sources of spatialized environmental factors. The development of high throughput indicators of grapevine development, vine water status and vine nitrogen status allows spatialized validation of vine responses to environmental factors.
Issue: Terroir 2010
(1) ENITA de Bordeaux, UMR EGFV, ISVV, 1, Cours du Général de Gaulle, CS 40201, 33175 Gradignan cedex
(2) Université de Bourgogne, UMR CRC, CNRS, 6 Bd Gabriel, 21000 Dijon, France 3SOVIVINS, Site Montesquieu, 4 allée Isaac Newton, 33650 Martillac, France
Terroir, vine, Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Geophysics, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPM), Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), remote sensing