Detection of spider mite using artificial intelligence in digital viticulture

Aim: Pests have a high impact on yield and grape quality in viticulture. An objective and rapid detection of pests under field conditions is needed. New sensing technologies and artificial intelligence could be used for pests detection in digital viticulture. The aim of this work was to apply computer vision and deep learning techniques for automatic detection of spider mite symptoms in grapevine under field conditions. 

Methods and Results: RGB images of grapevine canopy attacked by the spider mite (Eotetranychus carpini Oud) were manually taken in commercial vineyard (Etxano, Basque Country, Spain) under natural day light conditions. Leaf segmentation in images was performed based on computer vision techniques, isolating target leaves with spider mite visual symptoms from the vineyard canopy. HSV colour space was used to consider colour variations representing symptoms on the leaves, separating these values from those of saturation and brightness of the image. Spider mite detection was done using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) models with an artificially augmented dataset for the classification of leaves with this pest symptoms. An accuracy surpassing 75% was obtained using a hold-out validation.

Conclusions: High accuracy proves the effectiveness of the trained model in the classification of grapevine leaves. Computer vision techniques were useful to image classification on the relevant pixels. Additionally, deep learning techniques provided a robust model to find complex features of spider mite visual symptoms.

Significance and Impact of the Study: Non-invasive technology and artificial intelligence shown promising results in the automatic detection of pests in commercial vineyards.

Authors: Inés Hernández1, Salvador Gutiérrez2, Sara Ceballos1, Ignacio Barrio1, Fernando Palacios1, Ana M. Diez-Navajas3, Javier Tardáguila1*

1Televitis Research Group. University of La Rioja, 26007 Logroño, Spain 
2Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Cádiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain 
3Department of Plant Production and Protection, NEIKER-Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), 01192 Arkaute, Spain


Keywords: Deep learning, computer vision, pests, grapevine, crop protection

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