Aroma quality of fortified wines from different Moscato cv. Cultivated in sicily
AIM: Vitis vinifera L. cv. Moscato includes different varieties, mainly white grapes with a medium-sized berry, spheroidal or slightly flattened in shape, yellow greenish color which becomes golden yellow or amber when exposed to the sun. Moscato varieties are mainly used for the production of sweet aromatic wines: Fortified, Sfursat and Passito Moscato wines are present on the market. Despite the increasing interest in sweet dessert wines, at the best of our knowledge, limited data are reported in literature on the composition of Moscato wines especially as regards the aroma volatile constituents which are determinant for the sensory features. In this context, the research aimed to verify the aroma quality of fortified wines produced from different Moscato varieties, not present in the Sicilian ampelographic panorama, in comparison with Moscato Bianco already grown on the island. A great attention has been given to the amount of terpenes, key aroma compounds for Moscato wines.
METHODS: Grapes of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Moscato of the different varieties (Giallo, Ottonel, Petit Grain, Rosa, Cerletti, Bianco Zucco and Bianco), were cultivated in the experimental vineyard of the Sicilian Wine and Oil Regional Institute (IRVO) located in Partinico (Sicily, Italy); grapes of Moscato Bianco variety were also harvested in the IRVO experimental vineyard located in Noto (Sicily, Italy), the area in which the Moscato Bianco DOC is produced. The phenological, vegetative-productive and fertility data were collected. The protocol to produce fortified wines was the same for all the varieties; the fermentation was stopped when the residual sugar content of must was about 100 g/L by adding 6g/hL of sulfur dioxide and ethanol (95% v/v) up to a total alcohol content of about 15% v/v. Physico-chemical analyses will be carried out on grapes and wines according to the EEC Official Method. Wine volatile aroma compounds were analysed by Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS).
RESULTS Among the studied varieties, Moscato Giallo showed the highest productivity.
Issue: Macrowine 2021
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell’Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy,Fabrizio CINCOTTA, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell’Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy. Antonio SPARACIO, Sicilian Regional Institute of Wine and Oil, 90143 Palermo, Italy. Salvatore SPARLA, Sicilian Regional Institute of Wine and Oil, 90143 Palermo, Italy. Concetta CONDURSO, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell’Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy.
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Vitis vinifera L. cv. moscato; productivity; physico-chemical parameters; volatile profile