Terroir 2010 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Terroir Conferences 9 Terroir 2010 9 Geology and Soil: effects on wine quality (T2010) 9 Geologic and geomorphologic features applied for identification of wine terroir units by digital image processing, spectroradiometric and GIS techniques in Encruzilhada do Sul, RS, Brazil

Geologic and geomorphologic features applied for identification of wine terroir units by digital image processing, spectroradiometric and GIS techniques in Encruzilhada do Sul, RS, Brazil

Abstract

Results in the characterization of a new wine terroir unit in south Brazil are reported. Presently, several areas in Brazil are being studied, in an effort to define new wine terroirs and improve the quality of Brazilian wines. This paper reports what is being done, by Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) and its partners Remote Sensing and Meteorological Research Center (CEPSRM/UFRGS) and Brazilian Geological Survey (CPRM), in the Encruzilhada do Sul region, at Rio Grande do Sul State, that is part of the Serra do Sudeste viticultural region. Satellite images from several sources (SRTM, ASTER, ALOS) were used, together with field data (rock samples). Digital elevation models were built and used to define areas with slopes and solar expositions adequate to vine growing, with altitudes above 350 m. Spectroradiometry of rock samples was performed, to identify several minerals (montmorilonite, illite, pyrophilite and kaolinite). Geologic maps were used to locate rock types to collected in field trips; those rocks had their spectral response extracted from radiometry, and fitted to the six bands of ASTER SWIR subsystem, resulting in a map of the distribution of these rocks in some areas of interest. Two wineries were more closely studied. The first area produces wine from 35 hectares of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. The other winery has 61 hectares and produces Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes for sparkling wines. The study concludes that the use of remote sensing resources and associated geotechnologies are effective to terroir studies.

DOI:

Publication date: December 3, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article

Authors

Rosemary Hoff (1), Jorge Ricardo Ducati (2), Magda Bergmann (3)

(1) Embrapa Uva e Vinho/CNPUV – Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária – Rua Livramento, 515 – 95700-000 – Bento Gonçalves – RS – Brasil
(2) Centro Estadual de Pesquisas em Sensoriamento Remoto e Meteorologia/CEPSRM – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500 – 91501-970 – Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil
(3) Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais/CPRM – Serviço Geológico do Brasil – Rua Banco da Província, 105 – CEP 90840-030 – Porto Alegre – Brasil

Contact the author

Keywords

Brazilian wines, geology, geomorphology, spectroradiometry, geographical information system

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010

Citation

Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.