Terroir 2010 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Il Lambrusco reggiano e il territorio di pianura: un modello efficace

Il Lambrusco reggiano e il territorio di pianura: un modello efficace


[English version below]

Il caso “Lambrusco” è emblematico di un buon connubio tra un gruppo di vitigni ed un territorio di pianura caratterizzato da suoli fertili e alluvionali, che determinano un elevato sviluppo vegetativo e produttivo delle piante e peculiari risposte qualitative.
In queste particolari condizioni pedoclimatiche, si producono diversi vini “Lambrusco”, a partire dagli omonimi vitigni di origine, legati tra loro dalle comuni origini selvatiche e dal buon grado di parentela, come dimostrato dalle recenti analisi genetiche.
Il vino Lambrusco del territorio di Reggio Emilia, prodotto in varie tipologie, è ottenuto da uvaggi di diversi lambruschi, ed è tipicamente frizzante, caratterizzato da una elevata componente acidica e da profumi freschi e giovani.
La viticoltura reggiana, grazie alla notevole abbondanza sul territorio di antiche varietà, è una viticoltura basata esclusivamente sulla coltivazione di vitigni autoctoni.
Le strutture produttive e di tutela presenti sul territorio, nonché le scelte colturali effettuate, hanno giocato un ruolo importante nel garantire solidità alla produzione e rispondere alle esigenze di mercato, per cui il Lambrusco rappresenta oggi, come già da molti anni, uno dei vini varietali italiani più esportati nel mondo e più importanti del panorama italiano.

“Lambrusco” is a typical example of good relationship between a group of grape cultivars and the territory where they are grown: alluvial plain characterized by fertile soils, stimulating high vigour and yield and characteristic qualitative traits.
In these peculiar soil and climate conditions, well characterized “Lambrusco” wines are produced from homonymous grape cultivars, that are interlinked by common wild origin and high parentage degree, as revealed by recent genetic analysis.
The Lambrusco of Reggio Emilia, obtained from different Lambrusco cultivars, is a typically sparkling red wine, with high acidity and fresh and young fragrances, produced in different types and designations.
Viticulture in Reggio Emilia province is exclusively based on autochthonous cultivars, due to the presence of many ancient grape varieties.
Productive and protection structures in this territory, together with cultivation choices, played and important role in ensuring soundness on production and reliable answers to market needs. As a consequence currently and since many years Lambrusco is one of the most important Italian varietal wines and one of the most exported worldwide.


Publication date: December 3, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2010

Type: Article


S. Meglioraldi, M. Storchi

Consorzio per la tutela dei vini “Reggiano” e “Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa”
Via Gualerzi 8, Reggio Emilia

Contact the author


Lambrusco, pianura, fertilità, autoctono, frizzante, mercato
Lambrusco, plain, fertility, autochthonous, sparkling, market


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2010


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.