Terroir 2008 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Volatile fraction of young Cabernet Sauvignon from Santa Catarina State, a new terroir in Brazil

Volatile fraction of young Cabernet Sauvignon from Santa Catarina State, a new terroir in Brazil


A total of 52 volatile compounds were measured in varietal Cabernet Sauvignon wines from four sites in Santa Catarina State (Brazil), over two consecutive vintages (2004 and 2005). Concentrations were measured by gas chromatography using FID, FPD and mass spectrometry as detectors. Principal Component Analysis of the concentrations of the varietal compounds showed a strong dependence on the characteristics of the soil in the vineyards (p<0.05). In contrast, little differentiation of the fermentative aromatic compounds was found in each vintage at all the sites. The levels of α- ionone (violet note) and β-ionone (violet, berry notes) were inversely related. ß-ionone was found above its threshold concentration (90 ng/l) in all samples except Bom Retiro 2004 vintage. α-Ionone was found to be well below its threshold concentration (400 ng/l) in all the samples. Only the Bom Retiro wines have higher concentrations of α- ionone than β-ionone, in both vintages. This indicates that these compounds can be markers for differentiating these Cabernet Sauvignon wines. The vineyard soils were classified as Inceptisols (for São Joaquim A, São Joaquim B, Bom Retiro vineyards) and as Oxisols (for Videira vineyard), according to U.S.D.A. classification of soil taxonomy.


Publication date: December 8, 2021

Issue: Terroir 2008

Type : Article


Leila D. FALCÃO (1) Gilles DE REVEL (2), Maire Claire PERELLO, Laurent REQUIER (2), Antônio A.
A. UBERTI (4), Marilde T. BORDIGNON-LUIZ (1)

(1) Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos CAL/CCA/UFSC, Rodovia Admar Gonzaga, 1346, Itacorubi, 88034-001, Florianópolis-SC – Brazil
(2) UMR 1219 Œnologie, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, INRA, ISVV, Faculté d’Œnologie, 351 Cours de la Libération, F-33405 Talence cedex, France
(3) Empresa de Pesquisa e Extensão Agropecuária de Santa Catarina (EPAGRI-SC)- Videira-Brazil
(4) Departamento de Engenharia Rural, CCA/UFSC, Florianópolis-SC – Brazil

Contact the author


Cabernet Sauvignon wine; aromatic composition; GC/FID/FPD/MS analysis; principal component analysis, soil type


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2008


Related articles…

Relation between phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, oxygen consumption rate of diverse tannins

The work was aimed at comparing some analytical methods used to characterize oenological tannins and the measure of oxygen consumption rate (OCR), in order to provide oenologists with a rapid method to test the antioxidant capacity of tannin based products and a tool to choose the best suited product for each purpose.

Under trellis cover crop induces grapevine tolerance to bunch rot

Botrytis bunch rot occurrence is one of the most important limitations for the wine industry in humid environments. A positive correlation between grapevine growth and susceptibility to fungal pathogens has been found. In theory the effect of grapevine vegetative growth on bunch rot expression results from direct effects (cluster architecture, nitrogen status among others) and indirect ones (via microclimate). However, a reduction in bunch rot incidence can be achieved in some circumstances without major vine growth reduction. The present study was aimed to test the general hypothesis that bunch rot susceptibility is affected by vine vigor, but other factors associated with grapevine vegetative expression could be even more relevant.

The use of unripe frozen musts for modulating wine characteristics throughout acidity correction – effects on volatile and amino acid composition

As environmental issues come more to the fore, vineyards residues are being looked at as solutions rather than problems. Aiming to develop a sustainable methodology for musts acidity correction in the process of winemaking, much needed in warm regions, the present study was performed according to Circular Economy values.

A synthesis approach on the impact of elevated CO2 on berry physiology and yield of Vitis vinifera

Besides the increase in global mean temperature the second main challenge of a changing climate is the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) in relation to physiology and yield performance of grapevines. The benefits of increasing CO2 levels under greenhouse environment or open field studies have been well investigated for various annual crops. Research under free carbon dioxide enrichment on field-grown perennial plants such as grapevines is limited to a few studies. Further, chamber and greenhouse experiments have been conducted mostly on potted vines under eCO2 conditions.

Terroir and vine water relation effects on grape ripening and wine quality of Syrah/R99

A Syrah/R99 vineyard in the Stellenbosch area was used. The vineyard is vertically trained and spaced 2.75 x 1.5 m in north-south orientated rows on terroir with Glenrosa soil and west-facing slope. Irrigation (to 100% field water capacity) treatments were applied at different development stages [all stages (including berry set stage); pea size; véraison; post-véraison]. Combined effects of water status and ripeness level were investigated. Preliminary results are presented.