Incidences of the climate, the soil and the harvest date on Colombard aromatic potential in Gascony
This experiment tries to characterize the role of soil, climate and harvest date on the composition of grape-derivated thiols, 3-mercapto-hexanol (3MH) and 3-mercapto-hexile acetate (A3MH), in the white wines from Colombard varieties in Gascony (South-West of France). A network of 6 plots has been observed since 1999 on different pedologic units. The plots have common agronomical characteristics, plantation spacing (2,900 to 3,500 vines per ha), plantation aging (1985-1990), strength conferred by rootstock (SO4, RSB), soil management (grass covered 1 by 2) and training system (vertical shoot positionning pruned in single Guyot). Meteorological stations are located near the plots.