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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Characterization of Mesoclimatic zones competent for the culture of vine (vitis vinifera l.) in the province of San Juan, Argentina

Characterization of Mesoclimatic zones competent for the culture of vine (vitis vinifera l.) in the province of San Juan, Argentina

Abstract

Le zonage agroclimatique a pour objet de caractériser des lieux ayant des aptitudes distinctes pour la production de la vigne. La province de San Juan en Argentine est l’une des régions vitivinicoles les plus chaudes du pays. Cette étude a pour but de déterminer les zones aptes à la culture de la vigne, en se basant sur l’analyse du mésoclimat de cette province, et de définir l’aptitude viticole de ces zones et leur délimitation géographique.
Des indices écologiques sont calculés sur de longues séries de données, provenant d’un réseau de stations météorologiques. La comparaison de ces indices a permis de sélectionner les plus représentatifs et de grouper les mésoclimats similaires.
Dans la province de San Juan, six zones climatiques ont été définies, caractérisant le comportement de la vigne selon le type mésoclimatique. L’intégrale thermique de base 13°C et l’indice des températures minimales du mois avant récolte dans cette région chaude sont les variables principales qui permettent ce zonage.

The aim of an agroclimatic zoning is to characterize areas, which have different capacities for the vine growing production. The Province of San Juan is the hottest grapes and wines producing region of Argentine. This study aims at determine the zones in the province which are competent for the vineyards thanks to analysis of microclimate, and to define their agricultural and enological potential.
Ecological indices coming from databases of meteorological stations have been calculated. The comparison among these indices allowed to select the most representative of them and to gather similar mesoclimates.
In the Province of San Juan, six climatic zones have been characterized, each of them corresponding to a specific vine behaviour. This zoning has been made thanks to two main indices: the thermic integral basis 13°C and the indices of minimal temperature during the month before harvesting.

 

 

 

DOI:

Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue:Terroir 2002

Type: Article

Authors

H. VILA, M. CAÑADAS, C. LUCERO, M. GRASSIN

Station Expérimentale Agronomique (EËA) INTA Mendoza
Av. San martin 3853 -5507 Chacras de Coria-Mendoza- Argentine

Keywords

vigne, zonage, mésoclimat, potentiel viticole
vine, zoning, mesoclimate, viticultural potential

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002

Citation

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