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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Zoning, environment, and landscape: historic and perspective

Zoning, environment, and landscape: historic and perspective

Abstract

[English version below]

Dans une approche globale, nous proposons la définition suivante du zonage : “représentation cartographique associée à une sectorisation du territoire en zones unitaires homogènes à partir de facteurs discriminants établis sur la base d’indicateurs quantifiables et d’avis d’experts”. La première application de cette méthode a porté sur la caractérisation du terroir en liaison avec les aspects qualitatifs des vins. Il est également possible d’envisager d’appliquer cette démarche dans les stratégies environnementales et paysagères liées aux approches territoriales et aux pratiques viticoles. Cette méthode peut servir de base dans la mise en œuvre des outils financiers associés aux mesures environnementales (CTE, aides spécifiques). Le zonage est déjà utilisé sur le plan législatif vis-à-vis de l’utilisation des amendements azotés (zones vulnérables) et de la protection des espèces (biotope, natura 2000). Dans le cadre d’une application spécifique à la viticulture associé à la multifonctionnalité du terroir, plusieurs axes peuvent être envisagés:
– Vulnérabilité des sols au transfert de polluants,
– Cartes d’érosion et d’aptitudes à l’enherbement
– Caractérisation microbiologique des sols,
– Protection des paysages,
– Application sectorisée des modèles de prévision des maladies.

In a global approach, we propose the following definition as regards zoning: “cartographic representation associated to a division into sectors of the territory in homogeneous unitarian zones from discriminants factors established on the basis of quantifiable indicators and of experts opinions”. The first application of this method concerned the soil characterization in contact with the qualitative wine aspects. It is also possible to intend to apply this step in the environmental and landscaped strategies bound to the territorial approaches and to the wine practices. This method can serve as base in the application of the financial tools associated to the environmental measures (CTE, specific helps). Zoning is already used on the legislative plan towards the nitrogenous amendments use (vulnerable zones) and the sorts protection (biotope, NATURA 2000). Within the framework of a specific vine growing application associated to the soil multifunctionality, several axes can be envisaged:
– Ground vulnerabilities in the pollutant transfers,
– Cards of erosion and capacities in the enherbement,
– Microbiologie characterization of grounds,
– Landscape protections,
– Sectorised application of the disease forecast models.

DOI:

Publication date: February 15, 2022

Issue: Terroir 2002

Type: Article

Authors

Joël ROCHARD and Nadège FOURNY

ITV France – Pôle environnement – 17, rue Jean Chandon Moët, B.P.20046, 51202 Epernay cedex

Contact the author

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2002

Citation

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