Phenology, thermal requirements and maturation of the SR 0.501-17 wine grape hybrid cultivated in contrasting climate
Context and purpose of this study – The use of hybrids in viticulture is one of the alternatives for sustainable production in hot and rainy regions during grapevine maturation. This sustainable production concerns the reduction of pesticide use, adaptation to climate and control of vine decline. The SR 0.501-17 wine grape hybrid, developed in the grapevine program of the Agronomic Institute of Campinas (IAC), is characterized by producing white grapes with small spherical berries with seeds. The agronomic characterization of this hybrid, especially in different climatic conditions, as well as the evaluation of its performance in winemaking are necessary. The objective of this work was to characterize the duration and thermal requirements of the different phenological stages and the influence of rainfall on the physicochemical characteristics of the must in two contrasting climate regions of the State of São Paulo.
Material and methods – The phenology, thermal requirements expressed in degree-days, soluble solids content and titratable acidity of the hybrid were evaluated during the grape growing seasons from 2012 to 2016, in contrasting climatic conditions at Jundiaí at east and Votuporanga at northwest of the São Paulo State-Brazil.
Results – The average duration of the pruning-harvest period was 146 days in Jundiaí and 131 days in Votuporanga and the average duration of the grape maturation period (beginning of berry softening to harvest) was 29 and 27 days, respectively for Jundiaí and Votuporanga. The thermal requirement expressed in degrees-days for the hybrid growth cycle was 1663 and 1923, and for the maturation period, 390 and 485, respectively for Jundiaí and Votuporanga, SP. Rainfall during the maturation period showed negative correlation with total soluble solids and maturation index and positive correlation with titratable acidity. The effect of temperature on vine growth cycle were more pronounced in Jundiaí in comparison to Votuporanga while the effect of rainfall on the maturation characteristics were more effective in Votuporanga when compared to Jundiaí.
Issue: GiESCO 2019
1* Instituto Agronômico de Campinas, Centro Avançado de Pesquisa de Frutas, Av. Luiz Pereira dos Santos, 1500, CEP. 13214-820, Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brasil
2 Instituto Agronômico de Campinas, Centro de Solos e Recursos Ambientais, Bolsista do CNPq (Processo 302162/2016-0). Av. Barão de Itapura, 1481, CEP 13020-902, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil
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cycle duration, degree-days, soluble solids, titratable acidity