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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Metabolomic insights into wine’s sensory identity: unveiling climate-driven changes in aroma composition

Metabolomic insights into wine’s sensory identity: unveiling climate-driven changes in aroma composition

Abstract

Wine, a sensitive and intricate agricultural product, is being affected by climate change, which accelerates grapevine phenological stages and alters grape composition and ripening. This influences the synthesis of key aroma compounds, shaping wine’s sensory attributes [1]. The complex aroma profile, resulting from compound interactions, presents a metabolomics challenge to identify these indicators and their environmental change responses, which is being addressed using diverse analytical techniques.

In our research, we focused on eight 14-year-old Vitis vinifera cv. grape varieties from the same plot (VITADAPT program, 2022 vintage): Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carménère, Castets, Cot, Merlot, Petit Verdot, and Touriga Nacional. Grape berries were harvested on five stages i.e. mid-véraison (MV), half-maturity (MM), 7 days before maturity (M-7), maturity (M), and 10 days post-maturity (M+10) and microvinifications were conducted on the three last stages. In this study, we aim to use high-throughput profiling techniques for an in-depth metabolite analysis[2]. We selected targeted analysis (GC/MS) for known aroma families (such as lactone, furanones, carbonyls, methoxypyrazines…) and untargeted (GCxGC TOF MS) metabolomics analysis and computational methods, including multivariate data analysis for detecting aromatic families extensively. The processing of spectral data, identifying variations, and cross-referencing GC/MS values will be integral parts of our methodology. Concurrently, we also assessed various climate variables to understand their impact on grape composition and the sensory characteristics of the wine produced.

Our approach will refine the impact of harvest date according to known climatic variables on the expression of metabolite and metabolic pathways due to environmental and genotypic variations. This comprehensive metabolomic analysis is aimed at deepening our understanding of berry, must and wine aroma composition and their metabolite pathways, ultimately enhancing their quality and value.

References:

1)  Pons A, et al. (2017) What is the expected impact of climate change on wine aroma compounds and         their precursors in grape? OENO One, 51(2): 141–146. DOI10.20870/oeno-one.2017.51.2.1868

2)  Gao B, et al. (2019) Opportunities and challenges using non-targeted methods for food fraud detection. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 67: 8425-8430.

This study received financial support from the French government in the framework of the IdEX Bordeaux University “Investments for the Future” program / GPR Bordeaux Plant Sciences. We thank the INRAe BAP and TRANSFORM departments for the financial support of the CARMA project.

DOI:

Publication date: October 4, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Article

Authors

Jacqueline SANTOS1*, Alexia BAÏRI1, Agnès DESTRAC-IRVINE1, Maria LAFARGUE1, Sylvain PRIGENT, Cécile THIBON2, Sabine GUILLAUMIE1, Alexandre PONS2,3

1EGFV, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2Univ. Bordeaux, INRAE, Bordeaux INP, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, UMR 1366 OENOLOGIE, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France
3Seguin Moreau cooperage, ZI merpins, 16103 Cognac, France

Contact the author*

Keywords

climate change, aromatic compounds, untargeted analysis, metabolite association network, grapevine metabolome

Tags

2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series

Citation

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