Tackling the 3D root system architecture of grapevines: a new phenotyping pipeline based on photogrammetry
Plant roots fulfil important functions as they are responsible for the acquisition of water and nutrients, for anchorage and stability, for interaction with symbionts and, in some cases, for the storage of carbohydrates. These functions are associated with the Root System Architecture (RSA, i.e. the form and the spatial arrangement of the roots in the soil). The RSA results from several biological processes (elongation, ramification, mortality…) genetically determined but with high structural plasticity. In grapevine, several factors can influence the RSA development (e.g. rootstock and scion genotypes, soil and plant management…). However, the effects of all these factors on the establishment of the RSA and associated functions (e.g. drought tolerance) have hardly ever been assessed. Such an assessment could help to improve the management of vineyards in our changing world. This lack of knowledge is mainly associated to methodological difficulties to characterize the RSA during grapevine development in the vineyard. To take up this challenge, we developed a new phenotyping pipeline, connecting photogrammetric data (produced by ArcheovisionProduction) with plant structures reconstruction software (PlantScan3D) and two packages dedicated to plant architecture analysis and visualisation (MTG and PlantGL from the OpenAlea platform). This new approach was developed on the uprooted root systems of two perennial species: grapevine and maritime pine. Their robustness was evaluated by comparing root traits estimated by this pipeline to root traits measured manually or estimated by a reference technique (semi-automated 3D digitizing, used on maritime pine root systems ). With this pipeline, we have planned to characterize the RSA of different rootstock genotypes, from different plantation types, soil management or water treatments, and at several developmental stages. All these data will be used to calibrate a functional-structural root model to facilitate the selection of plant material aimed to overcome the negative effects of climate change.
Acknowledgements: This work was financially supported by the Environmental Sciences department of the University of Bordeaux (“PROJETS EMERGENTS”).
1) Danjon, F. and Reubens, B. (2008) Assessing and analyzing 3D architecture of woody root systems, a review of methods and applications in tree and soil stability, resource acquisition and allocation. Plant and soil, 303, 1-34
Issue: ICGWS 2023
1EGFV, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRAE, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2BioGeCo, University of Bordeaux, INRAE, 33610, Cestas, France
3AGAP Institut, University of Montpellier, CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, Montpellier, France
4CIRAD, UMR AGAP Institut, F-34398 Montpellier, France
5Archéovision, University of Bordeaux Montaigne, 33000, Bordeaux, France
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root system architecture, 3D phenotyping, Vitis sp., Pinus pinaster, photogrammetry, architectural analysis