terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 REGULATION OF CENTRAL METABOLISM IN THE LEAVES OF A GRAPE VINES VA- RIETAL COLLECTION ON A TEMPERATURE CLINE

REGULATION OF CENTRAL METABOLISM IN THE LEAVES OF A GRAPE VINES VA- RIETAL COLLECTION ON A TEMPERATURE CLINE

Abstract

Grape (Vitis vinifera) is one of the world’s oldest agricultural fruit crops, grown for wine, table grape, raisin, and other products. One of the factors that can cause a reduction in the grape growing area is temperature rise due to climate change. Elevated temperature causes changes in grapevine phenology and fruit chemical composition. Previous studies showed that grape varieties respond differently to a temperature shift of 1.5°C; few varieties had difficulties in the fruit development or could not reach the desired Brix level. In this study, six grapevine varieties (Syrah, Petit Syrah, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo, Sangiovese, and Pinot Noir), grown in Ramat Negev (30°58’43.4″N 34°42’31.6″E, 300 m asl and 79.4 mm rainfall) experimental vineyard showing different sugar accumulation patterns between temperature regimes were studied during a heatwave event. The physiological activities of these varieties were measured at three different times (7am, 12pm and 6 pm) during the heatwave. GC-MS based metabolite profiling and targeted transcript analysis were used to study the central metabolism in leaves in response to increasing temperature from morning to evening. Results showed that Pinot Noir had higher rates of transpiration, stomatal conductance and photosynthetic assimilation compared to Syrah. The metabolite profiling analysis revealed that the metabolic activity was generally higher in the morning for all varieties, decreasing during noon and evening. This research provides valuable insights into the impact of global warming on grapevine metabolism and the potential implications for wine production.

 

1. Alleweldt, G., Dettweiler-Munch, E., (1992) The genetic resources of Vitis. Genetic and geographic origin of grape cultivars, their prime names and synonyms.-Siebeldingen, Federal Republic of Germ⟨ny: Institut f? r Rebenz? chtung Geilweilerhof.
2. Dusenge, M. E., Duarte, A. G., & Way, D. A. (2019). Plant carb metabolis and climate change: elevated CO₂ and temperature im-pacts on photosynthesis, photorespiration and respiration. New Phytologist, 221(1), 32–49. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15283 
3. Reshef, N., Fait, A., & Agam, N. (2019). Grape berry position affects the diurnal dynamics of its metabolic profile. Plant Cell and Environment, 42(6), 1897–1912. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.13522
4. Gashu, K., Sikron Persi, N., Drori, E., Harcavi, E., Agam, N., Bustan, A., Fait, A., (2020) Temperature shift between vineyards modulates berry phenology and primary metabolism in a varietal collection of wine grapevine. Frontiers in plant science 11, 1739.

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Nang Cherry¹ , Pankaj Kumar Verma², Kidanemaryam Wagaw¹ and Aaron Fait²

1. Albert Katz International School for Desert Studies, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede-Boqer Campus, 849900 Israel
2. Albert Katz Department of Dryland Biotechnologies, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede-Boqer Campus, 849900 Israel

Contact the author*

Keywords

Grape (Vitis vinifera), high temperature, metabolite, transcript profiling

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

Related articles…

WINE CONSUMER TRADE-OFF BETWEEN ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS AND SUSTAINABLE CLAIMS. AN EXPERIMENT ON RED WINES FROM BORDEAUX REGION

In economics, the perception of wine quality is not limited to sensorial characteristics: an indication of the region of production significantly affects the perception of quality and consumers’ WTP ([1]; [2]). However, [3] or more recently [4] show that even if a wine has an organic label, the taste of wine remains the predominant criterion in consumer preferences. The contribution of our experiment is to evaluate the impact of responsible attributes (organic label, Non Added Sulfites, HVE certification) on the appreciation of several red wines on the market. More than 280 consumers participated to the present study and they perform 25 tastings divided into 5 different sessions. 20 different red wines from Bordeaux Area are tasted.

IN DEPTH CHARACTERIZATION OF OENOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO LACHANCEA THERMOTOLERANS STARTER STRAINS

Non-Saccharomyces starter cultures became increasingly popular over the years because of their potential to produce more distinctive and unique wines. The major benefit of the use of Lachancea thermotolerans as a fermentation starter is its ability to produce relevant amounts of lactic acid and reduce alcoholic strength, making it valuable for mitigating negative impacts of climate change on grapes and wine quality. Besides, like any other non-Saccharomyces yeast, L. thermotolerans can significantly affect a whole range of other physico-chemical wine parameters.

Molecular approaches for understanding and modulating wine taste

Wine consumers generally demand wines having a perception of softer tannins and less ripe, having a heaviness and richness on palate (full-body wine) with a limpid and stable color. However, polyphenol
(tannins)-rich wines have been also correlated with unpleasant taste properties such as astringency and
bitterness when perceived at high intensities. Modulating these unpleasant properties could be important for consumer’s approval of wines.

PHOTOCHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF TRYPTOPHAN IN MODEL WINE: IMPACT OF HEAVY METALS AND OXYGEN ON 2-AMINOACETOPHENONE FORMATION

The wine industry worldwide faces more and more challenges due to climate change, such as increased dryness in some areas, water stress, sunburn and early harvesting during hot summer temperatures¹. One of the resulting problems for the wine quality might be a higher prevalence of the untypical aging off-flavor (ATA)². A substance, which Rapp and Versini made responsible for ATA, is the 2-aminoace-tophenone (2-AAP)³. 2-AAP in wine causes a naphthalene, wet towels, wet wool, acacia flower or just a soapy note⁴.

CONSENSUS AND SENSORY DOMINANCE ARE DEPENDENT ON QUALITY CONCEPT DEFINITIONS

The definition of the term “quality” in sensory evaluation of food products does not seem to be consensual. Descriptive or liking methods are generally used to differentiate between wines (Lawless et al., 1997). Nevertheless, quality evaluation of a product such as wine can also relate to emotional aspects. As exposed by Costell (2002), product quality is defined as an integrated impression, like acceptability, pleasure, or emotional experiences during tasting. According to the ‘modality appropriateness’ hypothesis which predicts that wine tasters weigh the most suitable sensory inputs for a specific assess- ment (Freides, 1974; Welch & Warren, 1980), the nature of the quality definitions may modulate sensory influences.