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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 FLOW CYTOMETRY, A POWERFUL AND SUSTAINABLE METHOD WITH MULTIPLE APPLICATIONS IN ENOLOGY

FLOW CYTOMETRY, A POWERFUL AND SUSTAINABLE METHOD WITH MULTIPLE APPLICATIONS IN ENOLOGY

Abstract

Flow cytometry (FCM) is a powerful technique allowing the detection, characterization and quantification of microbial populations in different fields of application (medical environment, food industry, enology, etc.). Depending on the fluorescent markers and specific probes used, FCM provides information on the physiological state of the cell and allows the quantification of a microorganism of interest within a mixed population. For 15 years, the enological sector has shown growing interest in this technique, which is now used to determine the populations present (of interest or spoilage) and the physiological state of microorganisms at the different stages of winemaking.

By studying the other quantification methods now routinely available in enology and comparing them to our FCM method, we show that alternative methods only provide a partial, and sometimes erroneous, view of the microbial populations. Coupled with the use of different markers (vitality markers and probe specific to B. bruxellensis), FCM allows the precise and specific quantification of cells and provides information on their physiological state. In addition, it is the only method that provides a comprehensive view of the present populations, all this in a short time and at a controlled cost.

These advantages make it a method of choice for multiple technical applications in wine microbiology such as the prevention of spoilage during aging, the control of fermentation activity or the quality control of barrel cleaning protocols.

Finally, aside from its technical interest, FCM responds to a major challenge for the wine industry: the commitment to sustainable development. Based on recent work evaluating the environmental impact of analysis techniques, we show through an original comparative study of B. bruxellensis quantification methods that FCM is a more sustainable technique than its alternatives usually used in the sector.

 

1. Longin, C., Julliat, F., Serpaggi, V., Maupeu, J., Bourbon, G., Rousseaux, S., Guilloux-Benatier, M., & Alexandre, H. (2016). Eva-luation of three Brettanomyces; qPCR commercial kits : Results from an interlaboratory study. OENO One, 50(4).
2. Longin C., Laforgue R., Badet-Murat ML., Alexandre H. (2022). Flow cytometry, a sustainable method for the identification and quantification of microorganisms in enology – Part 1/2 Review of the usual methods applied in wine microbiology and the principle of flow cytometry. IVES technical reviews, December 2022.
3. Longin C., Laforgue R., Badet-Murat ML., Alexandre H. (2023). Flow cytometry, a sustainable method for the identification and quantification of microorganisms in enology – Part 2/2 Practical and environmental benefits of flow cytometry applied to wine microbiology. IVES technical reviews, January 2023.
4. Płotka-Wasylka, J. (2018). A new tool for the evaluation of the analytical procedure : Green Analytical Procedure Index. Ta-lanta, 181, 204-209.

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Marie-Laure Badet-Murat¹, Cédric Longin¹, Hervé Alexandre²

1. OENOTEAM, 17 Chemin de Verdet, 33500 Libourne/7 Rue de l’Industrie, 33250 Pauillac, France.
2. UMR Procédés Alimentaires et Microbiologiques, Equipe VAlMiS (Vin, Aliment, Microbiologie, Stress), Institut Agro Dijon, Université de Bourgogne/Franche-Comté, IUVV, Rue Claude Ladrey, BP 27877, 21000 Dijon, France.

Contact the author*

Keywords

Brettanomyces bruxellensis, Flow cytometry, Specific quantification, Sustainable analysis

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

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