terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 The sensitivity to ABA affects the cross-talk between scion/rootstock in tolerant grapevines to drought stress

The sensitivity to ABA affects the cross-talk between scion/rootstock in tolerant grapevines to drought stress

Abstract

Drought caused by climate change has a dramatic incidence on the vineyard. Despite employing specific rootstocks tolerant to drought like 110 Richter, the vineyard continues to experience various losses, revealing the importance of the scion cultivar in the adaptation to drought stress. In this regard, Merlot, a widely cultivated grapevine, exhibited reduced drought tolerance compared to less cultivated varieties like Callet, a local cultivar originating from the Balearic Islands that demonstrated greater resilience to drought. Therefore, understanding the drought stress response in both cultivars and the cross-talk between scion and rootstock is key to unveiling possible differences that could affect to the adaptation to drought in vineyard. Plants from both cultivars grafted in the tolerant rootstock, 110 Richter, underwent different drought stages. For each stage, samples from leaves and roots were analyzed at metabolic, hormonal, physiological and transcriptomic level. The results revealed differences at most levels, increasing the production of osmolytes and antioxidant molecules involved in response to drought stress in Callet. However, hormonal analysis showed similar ABA production in both cultivars, indicating lower sensitivity to ABA in the case of Merlot compared to Callet. Moreover, the transcriptomic analysis revealed a modulation of genes involved in response to ABA and miRNA in leaves and roots of Callet, whereas in Merlot was mostly absent in roots, evidencing a poor cross-talk between Merlot and rootstock and increasing the value of the correct combination scion/rootstock for the vineyard adaptation to climate change.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Alberto Rodriguez-Izquierdo1*, David Carrasco1, María Ángeles Revilla2, Josefina Bota3, Rosa Arroyo-Garcia1

1 Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (CBGP-INIA), CSIC – Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Campus Montegancedo, Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Organisms and Systems Biology, Institute of Biotechnology of Asturias, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
3 Research Group on Plant Biology under Mediterranean Conditions, Departament de Biologia, Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB) – Agro-Environmental and Water Economics Institute (INAGEA). Carretera de Valldemossa Km 7.5, 07122 Palma, Illes Balears, Spain

In memoriam of Rosa Arroyo-Garcia.

Contact the author*

Keywords

rootstock, drought, cross-talk, transcriptomics, ABA

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

Comparing the chemical and sensory consequences of grapevine smoke exposure in grapes and wine from different cultivars and different wine regions in Australia

Aim: This study aimed to benchmark the chemical and sensory consequences of grapevine exposure to smoke, by comparing: (i) the concentration of volatile phenols and volatile phenol glycosides in control and smoke-affected grapes from different cultivars and different wine regions; and (ii) the chemical and sensory profiles of wines made from control and smoke-affected grapes, from different cultivars.  

The sensory features of the landscapes

When someone watches a hilly landscape, the image beauty creates emotions and frames of mind not easily forgettable, but sometimes man’s intervention by means of soil movement and reduction of the natural biodiversity can significantly modify the landscape and consequently the above-mentioned emotions. One speculates if sensory appreciation of a wine may be strongly affected by psychological factor: landscape beauty.

Effects of winemaking practices on Pinot blanc quality

Two winemaking processes for Pinot blanc were investigated following the chemical and sensory profiles for 12 months, aiming at: i) determining the chemical and sensory profiles

Sviluppo vegetativo del Nebbiolo nell’area di produzione del Barolo DOCG: influenza sulla qualita’ della produzione

Environment features and management operations on shoot and leaves modify the canopy during the vegetative season, changing the grapevine microclimate and the ratio between photo synthetic sources (the canopy) and productive sinks (the grapes).

Grapevine sensitivity to fungal diseases: use of a combination of terroir cartography and parcel survey

In front of the economic interest and seeking to respect their environment, the wine growers move gradually towards a policy of reasoning their plant health protection. This is why, starting from epidemiologic studies on grapevine pathogens, forecasting models of the risks are developed by research and experimentation bodies.