terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Improving shelf life of viticulture-relevant biocontrol and biostimulant microbes using CITROFOL® AI as liquid carrier

Improving shelf life of viticulture-relevant biocontrol and biostimulant microbes using CITROFOL® AI as liquid carrier

Abstract

Bacillus velezensis and Trichoderma harzianum are relevant microorganisms used in viticulture as biocontrol agents against pathogens of trunk (e.g. Phaeoacremonium minimum), leaves (e.g. Plasmopara viticola) or fruit (e.g. Botrytis cinerea), or as biostimulants, improving the resilience of plants against biotic or abiotic stressors through different direct and non-direct interactions.
In this biotechnological approach, formulation plays a crucial role.  Controlling water activity in the product, thus stabilising microbial viability is key to ensuring effective application.  We present the benefits of the citrate ester CITROFOL® AI (triethyl citrate) as a novel bio-based carrier liquid in microbial formulations. CITROFOL® AI is safe for humans and the environment, thus offering a promising base for sustainable treatments in viticulture.
Commercial products containing B. velezensis and T. harzianum formulated as wettable powders (WP) or suspension concentrates (SC) were used for viability tests and compared with the same microorganisms prepared as dispersion concentrates (DC) 1:10 ration in CITROFOL® AI. The formulations were subjected to a demanding storage test at 40°C for 24 weeks. Microbial viability was monitored by plate counting periodically.
B. velezensis showed a high overall robustness during storage. However, comparing liquid products, the cell viability in the SC formulation declined by approximately one order of magnitude more than in the DC formulation in CITROFOL® AI. T. harzianum generally was highly susceptible during storage. However, the cell viability after 24 weeks was two orders of magnitude higher when formulated as DC in CITROFOL® AI compared to the WP. Thus, CITROFOL® AI improved the shelf life of both microorganisms tested.

DOI:

Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Teresa Berninger1, Carolin Stern1, Victoria Sevillano, Óscar González-López2*

1 Jungbunzlauer Ladenburg GmbH
2 University of La Rioja, Department of Food and Agriculture

Contact the author*

Keywords

Formulation, Viticulture, Citrate ester, Biocontrol, Biostimulant

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

Related articles…

The use of cation exchange resins for wine acidity adjustment: Optimization of the process and the effects on tartrate formation and oxidative stability

Acidity adjustments are key to microbial control, sensory quality and wine longevity. Acidification with cation exchange resins -in acid cycle- offers the possibility to reduce the pH by exchanging wine cations, such as potassium (K+), for hydrogen ions (H+). During the exchange process, the removal of potassium and calcium ions contributes to limiting the formation of tartrate salts, thus offering an alternative solution to conventional methods for tartrate stability. Moreover, the reduction of wine pH and the removal of metals catalyzers (e.g. iron) could positively impact the wine’s oxidative stability. Therefore, the aims of this work were (a) to optimize the ion exchange process by testing different volumes and concentrations of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) during the acid cycle, (b) evaluate the effects of the ion exchange process on the formation of tartrate salts, and (c) analyze the oxidative stability of the treated wines.

Unveiling the unknow aroma potential of Port wine fortification spirit taking advantage of the comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

Port wine is a fortified wine exclusively produced in the Douro Appellation (Portugal) under very specific conditions resulting from natural and human factors. Its intrinsic aroma characteristics are modulated upon a network of factors, such as the terroir, varieties and winemaking procedures that include a wide set of steps, namely the fortification with grape spirit (ca. 77% v/v ethanol).

Development of a new indicator of grape skin ripening in relation to Botrytis cinerea susceptibility

The bunch rot induced by Botrytis cinerea is an important disease of grapevine that causes a diminution of grape quality and a considerable yield loss leading to an economic loss

Understanding provenance and terroir in Australian Pinot noir

Aims: This study aimed to (1) characterise colour and phenolic profiles of commercial Australian Pinot noir wines, (2) understand regional drivers of sensory and volatile profiles of commercial Australian Pinot noir wines, and (3) generate a deeper understanding of where Australian Pinot noir wines profiles sit in an international context.

Characteristics of some Montefalco Sagrantino vineyards through polyphenolic components

Characteristics related to the climate and the soil of Montefalco in the centre of Italy have been defined in order to evaluate their influence on the red cv.