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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Implementing VIS-NIR spectroscopy as a rapid and non-intrusive technique for assessing anthocyanin and phenolic concentrations in Vitis vinifera L. Grenache whole grape berries

Implementing VIS-NIR spectroscopy as a rapid and non-intrusive technique for assessing anthocyanin and phenolic concentrations in Vitis vinifera L. Grenache whole grape berries

Abstract

Anthocyanins and phenolic compounds play a crucial role in winemaking, contributing to the profile, flavor, color, texture, and stability of wine. Grape clusters, specifically Vitis vinifera L. cv. Grenache, were handpicked from a commercial vineyard sited in Tudelilla, La Rioja, Spain (42°18′ 52.26″, Long. -2°7′ 59.15″, Alt. 582 m) on five distinct dates from veraison to harvest during the 2015 season. Non-contact spectral measurements were conducted on intact grape berries using a VIS-NIR spectrometer operating in the 570 – 1000 nm spectral range under controlled laboratory conditions, positioned at a distance of 25 cm from the berries. The quantification of 16 anthocyanins and phenols in 120 grape clusters was performed using HPLC, established as the reference method for validating the spectral tool. Data exploration and prediction of phenolic concentration in grape berries were conducted through Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Modified Partial Least Squares (MPLS) regression. The best calibration and cross-validation models were built for total monomeric anthocyanins, nonacylated anthocyanins and cyanidin 3-glucoside with determination coefficients (R2cv values above 0.86, while the standard errors of cross validation (SECV) were 0.058 mg/g, 0.052 mg/g and 0.001 mg/g respectively. Of the other phenolic groups, the model for total flavanol yielded R2cv = 0.66 and SECV = 0.023 mg/g. This technology shows high potential for the selection and classification of berries throughout ripening in the vineyard or upon grape reception at the winery. Its application could help tailoring the oenological fate of grape berries to various wine qualities or styles.

DOI:

Publication date: June 14, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Poster

Authors

Juan Fernández-Novales1,2, Ignacio Barrio1,2, Leticia Martínez-Lapuente1,2, Zenaida Guadalupe1,2; María Paz Diago,1,2*

1 Department of Agriculture and Food Science. University of La Rioja. C/Madre de Dios 53. 26007. Logroño, (La Rioja) Spain
2 Institute of Sciences of Vine and Wine (CSIC, University of La Rioja, La Rioja Government) Finca La Grajera. Ctra. de Burgos Km 6. 26007. Logroño. (La Rioja). Spain

Contact the author*

Keywords

Berry ripening, Non-invasive technologies, Anthocyanin, Phenols, Chemometrics

Tags

IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024

Citation

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