Terroir 2014 banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 SSR analysis of some Vitis sylvestris (GMEL.) accessions of the Szigetköz and Fertő-hanság national park, Hungary

SSR analysis of some Vitis sylvestris (GMEL.) accessions of the Szigetköz and Fertő-hanság national park, Hungary


The evolution of cultivated plants played important role in the ascent of humanity. Research of their origin and evolution started at the beginning of the20th century, but till nowadays a lot of questions remain open. A large number of theories exist about the evolution of the European grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). The Vitis sylvestris GMEL. in Hungary is a protected species. The quest and reservation of its populations are significant in terms of nature conservation and reserve of biodiversity as well. Based on theoretical and practical researches, it is supposed, that this species itself, or crossing with other species could be the progenitor of the European grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). 

In this study the quest and the SSR analysis of the Vitis sylvestris GMEL. populations of the Szigetköz and Fertő-Hanság National Park of Hungary are intended. 20 different genotypes of woodland grape (Vitis sylvestris GMEL.), 10 cultivars of European grape (Vitis vinifera L.) and 10 species/genotypes of rootstocks were analysed in 16 SSR loci of different linking groups. 

The results show, that the analysed Vitis sylvestris accessions form an distinct group, but are closer to the Vitis vinifera cultivars, than to the rootstocks. This raise the probability, that these woodland grapes are true-to-type Vitis sylvestris.


Publication date: August 18, 2020

Issue: Terroir 2014

Type: Article


G. JAHNKE (1), Z. NAGY (1), G. KOLTAI (2), J. MÁJER (1)

(1) National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Research Institute for Viticulture and Enology, Badacsonytomaj, Hungary 
(2) University of West Hungary Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary 


Vitis sylvestris (GMEL.), biodiversity, progenitor, SSR analysis, woodland grape, European grape, genotypes, true-to-type


IVES Conference Series | Terroir 2014


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.