Macrowine 2021
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Impact of cover crop in vineyard on the musts volatile profile of Vitis vinifera L. Cv Syrah

Impact of cover crop in vineyard on the musts volatile profile of Vitis vinifera L. Cv Syrah


Grape aromatic characteristics are very important for the production of quality wines. The concentrations of volatile compounds in grape berries from vines with cover crops have been scarcely studied. For this reason, the aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of “Zulla” cover crop on the volatile profiles of organically grown Shyraz variety grapes. For this purpose, volatile profiles of grapes obtained from vines with three different amount of cover crop (one line, two lines and four lines) and without cover crop, over two harvests (2019 and 2020) were determined. The grape samples came from Jerez a warm climate zone. Must volatile compounds were determined by sequential sorptive extraction with Twisters by immersion (SBSE) and headspace (HSSE), followed by GC-MS analysis [1]. A total of 159 compounds were determined and, most of them were influenced by the presence of cover crop. The amount of methyl ester was directly correlated with the amount of “Zulla” cover crop. The results of principal component analysis (PCA) showed that PC1 grouped the samples according harvest and PC2 according to amount of cover crop, separating clearly the samples obtained without cover crop, in both harvests. It was observed a reduction of free volatile compounds when the amount of cover crop applied increased, in both harvests. Then, cover crop had an effect over volatile profile of Shyraz grapes.


Publication date: September 7, 2021

Issue: Macrowine 2021

Type: Article


Eva Valero

Nutrition and Bromatology Area, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemical Engineering, University Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain.,F. Arranz, Nutrition and Bromatology Area, Department of Nutrition and Bromatology, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, Seville. Spain. B. Puertas, Agricultural and Fisheries Research and Training Institute (IFAPA), Rancho de la Merced. 11407, Jerez de la Fra. Spain. M.L. Morales, Nutrition and Bromatology Area, Department of Nutrition and Bromatology, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, Seville. Spain

Contact the author


zulla cover crop, free volatile compounds, ecological crop


Related articles…

Physiological and growth reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt to row orientation and soil water status

Advanced knowledge on grapevine row orientation is required to improve establishment, management and outcomes of vineyards on terroirs with different environmental conditions (climate, soil, topography) and in view of a future change to more extreme climatic conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of row orientation, plant water status and ripeness level on the physiological and viticultural reaction of Shiraz/101-14 Mgt.

Effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California

San Joaquin Valley accounts for 40% of wine grape acreage and produces 70% of wine grape in California. Fruit quality is one of most important factors which impact the economical sustainability of farming wine grapes in this region. Due to the recent drought and expected labor cost increase, the wine industry is thrilled to understand how to improve fruit quality while maintaining the yield with less water and labor input. The present study aims to study the interactive effects of mechanical leafing and deficit irrigation on yield and berry compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon grown in warm climate of California.

The effects of cane girdling on berry texture properties and the concentration of some aroma compounds in three table grape cultivars

The marketability of the table grapes is highly influenced by the consumer demand; therefore the market value of the table grapes is mainly characterized by its berry size, colour, taste and texture. Girdling could cause accumulation of several components in plants above the ringing of the phloem including clusters and resulting improved maturity. The aim of the experiments was to examine the effect of girdling on berry texture characteristics and aroma concentration.

Application of a fluorescence-based method to evaluate the ripening process and quality of Pinot Blanc grape

The chemical composition of grape berries at harvest is one of the most important factors that should be considered to produce high quality wines. Among the different chemical classes which characterize the grape juice, the polyphenolic compound, such as flavonoids, contribute to the final taste and color of wines. Recently, an innovative non-destructive method, based on chlorophyll fluorescence, was developed to estimate the phenolic maturity of red grape varieties through the evaluation of anthocyanins accumulated in the berry skin. To date, only few data are available about the application of this method on white grape varieties.

Different yield regulation strategies in semi-minimal-pruned hedge (SMPH) and impact on bunch architecture

Yields in the novel viticulture training system Semi-Minimal-Pruned Hedge (SMPH) are generally higher compared to the traditional Vertical Shoot Positioning (VSP). Excessive yields have a negative impact on the vine and wine quality, which can result in substantial losses in yield in subsequent vintages (alternate bearing) or penalties in fruit quality. Therefore yield regulation is essential. The bunch architecture in SMPH differs from VSP. Generally there is a higher amount but smaller bunches with lower single berry weights in SMPH compared to VSP.