Macrowine 2021
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Adsorption capacity of phenolics compounds by polyaniline materials in model solution

Adsorption capacity of phenolics compounds by polyaniline materials in model solution


AIM: The aim of this work was to study the trapping capacity of four polyaniline polymers towards phenolic compounds in wine-like model solutions.

METHODS: The model wine solution was composed of 12% (v/v) and 4 g/L of tartaric acid adjusted to pH = 3.6. A series of centrifuge tubes (15 mL) were filled with 10 mL of model solution enriched with 50 mg/L of five phenolic compounds (i.e., Gallic acid, caffeic acid, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, and rutin), and treated with different doses of PANI polymer (i.e., 0, 2, 4 and 8 g/L). After the addition of the polymer, the samples were stirred using a platform shaker at room temperature (20 ºC) for 2, 8, 16 and 24 h. All treatments included three replications. The synthesis and characterization of polyaniline emeraldine base (PANI-EB) and different PANI 50, 100, 150 (polyaniline-PVPP composites where 50, 100, 150 are amount of PVPP) was prepared according to what was reported by Marican et al. (2014). Once the selected contact times were over, the samples were filtered and were by HPLC-DAD, following the methodology described by Gómez-Alonso et al. (2007). In brief, the separation was performed using a reverse-phased LiChrosorb® RP-18 (5 μm) column (250 mm × 4 mm ID) operating at 20 ºC. The injection volume was 25 μL, and for detection and quantification of compounds, the chromatograms were recorded at 280, 320 and 360 nm.

RESULTS: Regardless of the polymer used, the compounds having more affinity for PANI were gallic and caffeic acid, whereas rutin and (+)-catechin were the least removed. For instance, the adsorption percentage of gallic and caffeic acid, with a 4 g/L PANI concentration and 8 h of contact time, reached more than 90% whereas the removal of rutin was lower than 40%. Instead, the phenolic concertation of the samples where no polymer was added (0 g/L of PANI) remain stable over time, very close to 50 mg /L for each of the phenols evaluated. As expected, the concentration of the five phenols decreased as the contact time increased. As an example, a 2 g/L addition of PANI 50 produced a reduction of (-)-epicatechin concentration of 17 mg/L after 8 h of contact time and 25 mg/L after 24 h. Like so, the decrease in the concentration of all phenols was greater when more polymer was added.


The results obtained suggest that PANI Polymers could be an interesting alternative for analytical or experimental applications in which polyphenolcs need to be removed.


Publication date: September 28, 2021

Issue: Macrowine 2021

Type: Article


María Navarro 

 Talca University, JOHN AMALRAJ, Talca University; V. FELIPE LAURIE1, Talca University

Contact the author


pani polymers, phenols, model wine solutions


Related articles…

Significance of factors making Riesling an iconic grape variety

Riesling is the iconic grape variety of Germany and accounts for 23% of the German viticulture acreage, which comprises 45% of the worldwide Riesling plantings. Riesling wines offer a wide array of styles from crisp sparkling wines to highly concentrated and sweet Trockenbeerenauslese or Icewines. However, its thin berry skin makes Riesling more vulnerable to detrimental environmental threats than other white wine varieties.  

Malolactic fermentation in wine production

What influence do these bacteria have on wines? What new bacteria are being studied to carry out this fermentation? Find below articles about malolactic fermentation published in our 3 media (OENO One, IVES Technical Reviews and IVES Conference Series). OENO One...

Metabolomics screening of Vitis sp. interspecific hybrids to select natural ingredients with cosmetic purposes

Introducing natural ingredients using green chemistry practices is a major challenge in cosmetics industry to follow the market trend. Among the plants of cosmetic interest, vine products show a remarkable diversity of natural substances with high potential for the cosmetic and dermatological sectors. To date, research focuses on well-known compounds like E-resveratrol and E-ε-viniferin,

WAC 2022: Abstracts are available on IVES Conference Series

In order to disseminate the scientific results presented during the WAC 2022 , the organizers have decided to share the abstracts of the oral communications and posters with Open Access on IVES Conference Series. The fifth edition of the International Conference...

Winemaking techniques and wine tasting methods at the end of the Middle Ages

Les pratiques de vinification et de dégustation du vin sont souvent perçues, à travers un discours marketing très puissant, sous l’angle d’une tradition millénaire qui perdure depuis le Moyen Âge. En Bourgogne, il est courant de rattacher les racines de ces pratiques à l’activité des institutions ecclésiastiques qui possédaient d