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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 OENO IVAS 9 Category: OENO IVAS 2019

Proceedings of OENO IVAS 2019

From June 25th to June 28th 2019, the research unit in Enology, ISVV, University of Bordeaux, organized jointly the 11th symposium of Enology, Œno2019 and the 11th edition of In Vino Analytica Scientia IVAS 2019. 

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO IVAS 2019Œnological Practices and Process

Research on the origin and the side effects of chitosan stabilizing properties in wine

Fungal chitosan is a polysaccharide made up of glucosamine and N-acetyl-glucosamine and derived from chitin-glucan of Aspergillus niger or Agaricus bisporus. Fungal chitosan has been authorized as an antiseptic agent in wine since 2009 (OIV) and in organic wine in 2018. At the maximum dose of 10g/hl, it was shown to eliminate Brettanomyces bruxellensis, the main spoilage agent in red wines. Fungal chitosan is highly renewable, biocompatible (ADI equivalent to sucrose) and non-allergenic. However, winemakers often prefer to use sulfites (SO2), though sulfites are classified as priority food allergens, than chitosan. Indeed, many conflicting reports exist regarding its efficiency and its side effects towards beneficial wine microorganisms or wine taste. These contradictions could be explained by the heterogeneity of the fungal chitosan lots traded, the diversity of the wines (chemical composition, winemaking process), but also, by the recently highlighted huge genetic diversity prevailing in wine microbial species.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO IVAS 2019Œnological Practices and Process

Evaluating alternatives to cold stabilization in wineries: the use of carboximethyl cellulose, potassium polyaspartate, electrodialysis and ion exchange resins – the results after one year in the bottle

The tartaric stabilization of wines before bottling to avoid the precipitation of tartaric acid salts is an important and common step during wine production. The presence of precipitated salt crystals in bottle wines is detrimental for their quality and even a legal issue in some countries. Cold stabilization is the most common stabilization treatment. Although it has been shown to be effective, it has some significant disadvantages, mainly regarding losses of color and aromas and its high cost. Therefore, other products and methodologies are being introduced in the wineries for the replacement of this process. Some of these new techniques involve the reduction of the ions causing the insolubilization of tartaric acid while other are based in the formation of protective colloids or the inhibition of the crystallization of salts. In this study, white, rosé and red wines have been treated with carboxymethylcellulose, potassium polyaspartate and an ion exchange resin. The tartaric stability of the wines, together with the oenological, chromatic and sensory characteristics were studied after the wines had been stored during one year in the bottle. The results indicate that the use of carboxymethyl cellulose and potassium polyaspartate maintained the best the sensory and chromatic characteristics and the wine stability of the wines in comparison with an untreated control wine.

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IVES Conference SeriesOENO IVAS 2019Œnological Practices and Process

Colloidal stabilization of young red wine by Acacia Senegal gum: the major implication of protein-rich arabinogalactan-proteins

Acacia senegal gum (Asen) is an edible dried gummy exudate [1] added in young red wines to ensure their colloidal stability, precluding the precipitation of the coloring matter. Asen macromolecules, belonging to the arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) family [2], are hyperbranched, charged and amphiphilic heteropolysaccharides composed especially of sugars (92-96 %) and a small fraction of proteins (1-3 %). Asen is defined as a continuum of macromolecules that could be separated into three fractions by hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) [3-4]. HIC-F1 (85-94 % of Asen), HIC-F2 (6-18 % of Asen) and HIC-F3 (1-3 % of Asen) are named and classified in that order according to their protein content, and then a growing hydrophobicity. The efficiency of Asen towards the coloring matter instability is evaluated according to an “efficacy test” that consists to determine the Asen quantity required to prevent the flocculation by calcium of a colloidal iron hexacyanoferrate solution (International Oenological Codex).

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Grape and wine microorganisms: diversity and adaptationIVES Conference SeriesOENO IVAS 2019

Bioprotective non-Saccharomyces yeast as an alternative to sulfites for the winemaking process

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is used in winemaking due of its antioxidant, antioxydasic and antiseptic properties. Excessive amount of SO2 can negatively impact wine sensory perception and be detrimental for health. Agri-food industries are more transparent towards consumers concerning addition of sulfites, and oenology is no exception in this clairvoyance. As a consequence, the increase of consumers preference for wine with low or absent of sulfites addition is notorious. In this context, the impact of low/zero sulfites winemaking process on the microbial community should be evaluated. Moreover, microbial agents corresponding to bioprotective cultures represent a growing interest as an alternative to sulfites preservation in the early stages of vinification. However, scientific studies conducted to demonstrate their real effect are almost rare.

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