terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Impact of polyclonal selection for abiotic stress tolerance on the yield and must quality traits of grapevine varieties

Impact of polyclonal selection for abiotic stress tolerance on the yield and must quality traits of grapevine varieties


The effects of climate change in viticulture are currently a major concern, with heat waves and drought affecting yield, wine quality, and in extreme cases, even plant survival. Ancient grapevine varieties have high intravarietal genetic variability that so far has been explored successfully to improve yield and must quality. Currently, there is little information available on intravarietal variability regarding responses to stress. In the current work, the intravarietal genetic variability of several Portuguese varieties was studied for yield, must quality, and tolerance to abiotic stress, through indirect, rapid, and nondestructive measurements carried out in the field.

The present work describes an innovative approach in selection for abiotic stress tolerance, performed in experimental populations of several varieties installed according to resolvable row-column designs with 4 to 6 replicates1. Representative samples of the intravarietal variability of three ancient varieties (Uva Cão, Castelão, and Moscatel Graúdo) under conditions of drought and extreme heat were measured for surface leaf temperature (SLT), a parameter that had already been used for the varieties Aragonez2 and Arinto3, with good results. This was complemented with analyses of yield and quality characteristics of the must. Linear mixed models were fitted to the data of the traits evaluated, and the empirical best linear unbiased predictors (EBLUPs) of genotypic effects for each trait were obtained as well as the coefficient of genotypic variation (CVG) and broad sense heritability4. The genotypes were then ranked according to their level of tolerance to abiotic stress, and the changes in yield and traits of quality of the must were assessed for those genotypes. The results obtained will be the basis to develop, for those varieties, a new type of polyclonal selected material with increased tolerance to abiotic stress, in relation to the average of the varieties.

Acknowledgements: Projects “Conservation and selection of ancient grapevine varieties” (PDR2020-784-042704), “Save the intra-varietal diversity of autochthonous grapevine varieties” (PRR-C05-i03-|-000016); FCT: DL57/2016/CP1382/CT0024 to LC; UIDB/04129/2020 and LEAF Thematic Line Project Clones4ClimateChange.

1)  Gonçalves E. et. al. (2010) Experimental designs for evaluation of genetic variability and selection of ancient grapevine varieties: a simulation study. Heredity, 104: 552–562. DOI: 10.1038/hdy.2009.153

2)  Carvalho L.C. et. al. (2020) Selecting Aragonez genotypes able to outplay climate change driven abiotic stress. Front. Plant Sci., 11: 599230, DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.599230

3)  Carvalho L.C. et. al. (2023) Polyclonal selection for abiotic stress tolerance in Arinto: implications in yield and quality of the must. 44th World Congress of Vine and Wine, Cádiz, Spain, 5-9 June.

4)  Gonçalves E. and Martins A. (2019). Genetic gains of selection in ancient grapevine cultivars. Acta Hortic., 1248, 47–54. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1248.7


Publication date: October 4, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Article


Luísa Carvalho1, Teresa Pinto2, Joana Ribeiro1, J. Miguel Costa1, Antero Martins1,2, Elsa Gonçalves1,2

1LEAF- Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Associated Laboratory TERRA; Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
2Associação Portuguesa para a Diversidade da Videira – PORVID, Lisboa, Portugal

Contact the author*


abiotic stress, grapevine, intravarietal variability, polyclonal selection, surface leaf temperature


2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Effects of heat and water stress on grapevine health: primary and secondary metabolism

Grapevine resilience to climate change has become one of the most pressing topics in the Viticulture & Enology field. Vineyard health demands understanding the mechanisms that explain the direct and indirect interactions between environmental stressors. The current climate change scenario, where drought and heat-wave are more frequent and intense, strongly demands improving our knowledge of environmental stresses. During a heatwave, the ambient temperature rises above the plant’s average tolerance threshold and, generally, above 35 oC plant’s adaptation to heat stress is activated.

Assessing the Effectiveness of Electrodialysis in Controlling Brettanomyces Growth in Wine

Brettanomyces yeast can negatively impact the quality and stability of wines, posing a significant challenge to winemakers. [1] This study aims to develop novel management practices to limit Brettanomyces impact on wines by evaluating the effectiveness of electrodialysis (ED) technology in removing magnesium (Mg2+) from wine to prevent the development of Brettanomyces yeast. The ED technique utilizes charged membranes to extract ions from the wine, and it is considered an alternative to cold stabilization that requires less energy. [2]

Oenococcus oeni clonal diversity in the carbonic maceration winemaking

This essay was aimed to describe the clonal diversity of Oenococcus oeni in the malolactic fermentation of the carbonic maceration (CM) winemaking. The free and the pressed liquids from CM were sampled and compared to the wine from a standard winemaking with previous destemming and crushing (DC) of grapes [1]. O. oeni strain typification was performed by PFGE as González-Arenzana et al. described (2014) [2]. Results showed that 13 genotypes, referred as to letters, were distinguished from the 49 isolated strains, meaning the genotype “a” the 27%, the “b” the 14%, the “c” the 12%, the “d and e” the 10 % each other, and the remaining ones less than the 8% each one.

Effects of different soil types and soil management on greenhouse gas emissions 

Soil is important in the carbon cycle and the dynamics of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O). Key soil characteristics, such as organic matter content, texture, structure, pH and microbial activity, play a determining role in GHG emissions[1]. The objective of the study is to delimit different types of soil, with different soil management and to be able to verify the differences in CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions. The study was carried out in a vineyard of Bodegas Campo Viejo in Logroño (La Rioja), whose plant material is Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo.

Use of UHPH to improve the implantation of non-Saccharomyces yeasts

Ultra High-Pressure Homogenization (UHPH) is a high-pressure pumping at 300 MPa (>200 MPa) with a subsequent depressurization against a highly resistant valve made of tungsten carbide covered by ceramic materials or carbon nanoparticles. The intense impact and shear efforts produce the nano-fragmentation of colloidal biopolymers including the elimination of microorganism (pasteurization or sterilization depending on in-valve temperature) and the inactivation of enzymes.