terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 International Congress on Grapevine and Wine Sciences 9 2ICGWS-2023 9 Cumulative effect of deficit irrigation and salinity on vine responses

Cumulative effect of deficit irrigation and salinity on vine responses


Climate change is increasing water needs in most of the wine growing regions while reducing the availability and quality of water resources for irrigation. In this context, the sustainability of Mediterranean viticulture depends on grapevine responses to the combinations of water and salt stress. With this aim, this work studies the effects of deficit irrigation and salinity on the physiology of the Tempranillo cultivar (Vitis vinifera L.) grafted onto a drought and salinity tolerant rootstock (1103 Paulsen). The experiment was carried out in 2020 in a vineyard with a 22 factorial design located in Moncada, Valencia, Spain. The factors studied were two sustained irrigation regimes (100% and 50% of crop water needs) with two water salinity levels (EC of 0.8 and 3.5 dS m1). Results showed that water deficit significantly impacted vine water relations and leaf gas exchange at the beginning of the season, but that throughout the season the vine adapted to water availability by regulating vigor. Total leaf area was also reduced by salt stress. However, the effect of salinity on vine water status became more evident as the season progressed. Despite the osmotic adjustment caused by both water deficit and salinity, the strong relationship between soil water potential (YPD) and gas exchange rates revealed the cumulative effect of both factors on vine water status. Similarly, chloride content was increased by the effect of salinity but also of water deficit in leaf and petiole, as well as in grape. Cumulative effects were also observed in the reduction of berry mass and in the increase of total soluble solids and must pH, but not in vine yield. These results evidence the importance of assessing abiotic stresses in combination. Experiments are ongoing to evaluate the effect on the agronomic response and possible carry-over effects.

Acknowledgements: This research has been funded by the Agencia Estatal de Investigación with FEDER (grant number PID2021–123305OB-C31).


Publication date: October 5, 2023

Issue: ICGWS 2023

Type: Article


I. Buesa1,2 *, M. Tasa1, J.M de Paz1, F. Visconti1,3, M.A. Martínez-Gimeno1, E. Badal1, L. Bonet1, D.S. Intrigliolo3 and J.G. Pérez-Pérez1

Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Centro para el Desarrollo Agricultura Sostenible, Apartado Oficial 46113, Moncada, Valencia.
2 Grupo de investigación de Biología de las Plantas en Condiciones Mediterráneas-Universidad de las Islas Baleares (PlantMed-UIB), Cra. de Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122, Palma.
3 CSIC, Departamento de Ecología, Centro de Investigación sobre Desertificación (CSIC-UV-GV), Carretera CV‑315, km 10.7, 46113 Moncada, Valencia.

Contact the author*


gas exchange, osmotic adjustment, Vitis vinifera L, water relations


2ICGWS | ICGWS | ICGWS 2023 | IVES Conference Series


Related articles…

Grapevine adaptation to drought and resistance to Neofusicoccum parvum, causal agent of Botryosphaeria dieback

The sustainability of viticulture in response to climate change has been addressed mainly considering agronomic impacts, such as water management and diseases, either separately or together.
In grapevines, there is strong evidence that different genotypes respond differently to biotic and abiotic stresses. A screening was conducted on various local cultivars in response to drought and Neofusicoum parvum infection aiming to evaluate their susceptibility to abiotic stress and resistance to fungal diseases.

Distribution and sensory impact of new oak wood-derived compounds in wines

Despite the numerous research studies carried out in recent years, the study of wine aroma remains of great interest due to its complexity. Wine maturation in oak barrels is described as an important step in the production of quality wines. In fact, oak wood develops several aromatic nuances through its toasting which can be released into the wine. A great deal of work has been performed in order to identify the wood-derived volatile compounds that contribute to wine aroma (e.g., whisky-lactone, maltol, eugenol, guaiacol, vanillin).

Sensory profile of wines obtained from disease-resistant varieties in La Rioja

The European wine industry is facing multiple challenges derived from climate change and the pressure of different fungal diseases that are compromising the production of traditional varieties. A sustainable alternative maybe the adoption of resistant varieties.
In this study, we have evaluated the enological potential of 9 resistant varieties (5 white and 4 red varieties) in La Rioja. Microvinifications were carried out with three biological replications. Oenological parameters were very diverse with acid content varying from 2.6 g/L to 6.6 g/L.

Drought responses of grapevine cultivars under different environments

Using grapevine genetic diversity is one of the strategies to adapt viticulture to climate change. In this sense, assessing the plasticity of cultivars in their responses to environmental conditions is essential. For this purpose, the drought tolerance of Grenache, Tempranillo and Semillon cultivars grafted onto SO4 was evaluated at two experimental vineyards, one located in Valencia (Spain) and the other in Bordeaux (France). This was done by assessing gas exchange parameters, water relations and leaf hydraulic traits at the end of the season.

Exploring intra-vineyard variability with sensor- and molecular-based approaches 

The application of remote and proximal sensing is a fast and efficient method to monitor grapevine vegetative and physiological parameters and is considered valuable to derive information on associated yield and quality traits in the vineyard. Further details can be obtained by the application of molecular analysis at the gene expression level aiming at elucidating how pathways controlling the formation of different grape quality traits are influenced by spatial variability. This work aims at evaluating intra-vineyard variability in grape composition at harvest and at comparing this with remotely sensed canopy vegetation data and molecular-based approaches.