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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 EFFECTS OF BIODYNAMIC VINEYARD MANAGEMENT ON GRAPE RIPENING MECHANISMS

EFFECTS OF BIODYNAMIC VINEYARD MANAGEMENT ON GRAPE RIPENING MECHANISMS

Abstract

Biodynamic agriculture, founded in 1924 by Rudolph Steiner, is a form of organic agriculture. Through a holistic approach, biodynamic agriculture seeks to preserve the diversity of agriculture and the existing interactions between the mineral world and the different components of the organic world. Biodynamic grape production involves the use of composts, herbal teas and mineral preparations such as 500, 501 and CBMT.

Several scientific studies have provided evidence on the effects of biodynamic farming on the soil, the plant and the wine. Numerous empirical opinions of wine growers support the existence of differences brought by such a management.

The objective of our study is to build a scientific experiment to validate this knowledge and opinion by providing understanding of the biological behavior of the plant and the grape, and, finally, of the differences observed on the wine.

Our trial aims at evaluating the effects of a biodynamic management on the mechanisms of grape ripening. It is conducted on 8 parcels of the Lafite Rothschild vineyard, 4 of which have been receiving biodynamic preparations since 2017 and 4 not.

The parameters of technological ( sugars, TA, malic acid, tartaric acid, pH), phenolic (glories method), and textural maturity (Penetrometry, Aw) of the berries from veraison onwards were monitored in the 8 plots. The content of polysaccharides and pectin was analyzed during the ripening period on the grape skins. Once harvested, the berries were tasted by a trained panel.

Depending on the parameters, differences were observed and seemed to confirm the empirical vision of biodynamic practitioners.

Further analyses will have to be carried out to confirm these observations and evaluate the mechanisms involved.

 

1. Botelho, Renato Vasconcelos, Roberta Roberti, Paola Tessarin, José María Garcia-Mina, et Adamo Domenico Rombolà. « Physiological Responses of Grapevines to Biodynamic Management ». Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 31, no 5 (octobre 2016): 402-13. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170515000320.
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3. Guzzon, R., S. Gugole, R. Zanzotti, M. Malacarne, R. Larcher, C. von Wallbrunn, et E. Mescalchin. « Evaluation of the Oenological Suitability of Grapes Grown Using Biodynamic Agriculture: The Case of a Bad Vintage ». Journal of Applied Microbiology 120, no 2 (février 2016): 355-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13004.
4. Meissner, Georg, Miriam Edith Athmann, Jürgen Fritz, Randolf Kauer, Manfred Stoll, et Hans Reiner Schultz. « Conversion to Organic and Biodynamic Viticultural Practices: Impact on Soil, Grapevine Development and Grape Quality ». OENO One 53, no 4 (18 octobre 2019). https://doi.org/10.20870/oeno-one.2019.53.4.2470.
5. Picone, Gianfranco, Alessia Trimigno, Paola Tessarin, Silvia Donnini, Adamo Domenico Rombolà, et Francesco Capozzi. « 1 H NMR Foodomics Reveals That the Biodynamic and the Organic Cultivation Managements Produce Different Grape Berries ( Vitis Vinifera L. Cv. Sangiovese) ». Food Chemistry 213 (décembre 2016): 187-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.06.077

DOI:

Publication date: February 9, 2024

Issue: OENO Macrowine 2023

Type: Poster

Authors

Manuela Brando¹, Eric Kohler², Yasuhiro Ishizaki¹, Soizic Lacampagne ¹ and Laurence Geny-Denis ¹

1. Université Bordeaux, Bordeaux INP, INRAE, OENO, UMR 1366, ISVV, 33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France
2. Château Lafite Rothschild, 33250 Pauillac, France

Contact the author*

Keywords

Biodynamics, viticulture, grapes, maturity

Tags

IVES Conference Series | oeno macrowine 2023 | oeno-macrowine

Citation

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