Fully automated non-targeted GC-MS data analysis
Non-targeted analysis is applied in many different domains of analytical chemistry such as metabolomics, environmental and food analysis. In contrast to targeted analysis, non-targeted approaches take information of known and unknown compounds into account, are inherently more comprehensive and give a more holistic representation of the sample composition.
Besides chromatographic techniques coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry such as LC-HRMS, gas chromatography with unit resolution mass spectrometry is still regularly utilized for non-targeted profiling or fingerprinting. This is mainly due to high separation power of GC and a wide availability and low costs of quadrupole mass spectrometers.
Although several non-targeted approaches have been developed, data processing still remains a serious bottleneck. Baseline correction, feature detection, and retention time alignment can be prone to errors and time-consuming manual corrections are often necessary. We therefore developed an automated strategy to non-targeted GC-MS data avoiding feature detection and retention time alignment. The novel automated approach includes segmentation of chromatograms along the retention time axis, multiway decomposition of transformed segments followed by a supervised machine learning pipeline based on gradient boosted tree classification on the decomposed tensor [1, 2].
In order to make this novel data analysis strategy available to scientists without programming background, we developed a convenient browser based application. For the here presented interactive browser application the open source Python packages Bokeh and HoloViews were used. The application will be online freely available soon.
 J. Vestner, G. de Revel, S. Krieger-Weber, D. Rauhut, M. du Toit, A. de Villiers, Toward automated chromatographic fingerprinting: A non-alignment approach to gas chromatography mass spectrometry data. Acta Chimica Acta 911 (2016) 42-58
 K. Sirén, U. Fischer, J. Vestner, Automated supervised learning pipeline for non-targeted GC-MS data analysis. Analytica Chimica Acta: X 1 (2019) 100005
Issue: OENO IVAS 2019
Institute for Viticulture and Oenology, DLR Rheinpfalz, Breitenweg 71, D-67435 Neustadt, Germany
Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques de l’Alimentation et de l’ Environnement, Agrosup Dijon, 6 boulevard Docteur Petitjean, 21000 Dijon, France
Department of Chemistry, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse 52, D-67663 Kaiserslautern
Contact the author
metabolomics, non-targeted, GC-MS, exploratory data analysis