terclim by ICS banner
IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Open-GPB 9 Open-GPB-2024 9 Flash - Abiotic interactions 9 Arinto clones tolerant to climate change: in depth transcriptomic study of tolerant and sensitive genotypes

Arinto clones tolerant to climate change: in depth transcriptomic study of tolerant and sensitive genotypes


Drought and heat waves deriving from climate change have been affecting grapevine plants and altering wine characteristics in the past years, and effects are expected to get worst. Innovative approaches to address this problem have been undertaken in several varieties, that consist in exploring intravarietal variability to identify genotypes that are tolerant to abiotic stress. Such is the case of the variety Arinto, where an experimental population of 165 clones installed according to a resolvable row-column design with 6 replicates, was scanned for several parameters, including surface leaf temperature (SLT). Linear mixed models were fitted to the data of the traits evaluated, and the empirical best linear unbiased predictors (EBLUPs) of genotypic effects for each trait were obtained as well as the coefficient of genotypic variation (CVG) and broad sense heritability. The genotypes were then ranked according to their level of tolerance to abiotic stress without loss of yield/quality. The results enabled the selection of a group of genotypes with increased tolerance to stress, and also to identify the group of genotypes that was more sensitive. Then, leaves of the ten most tolerant and the ten most sensitive genotypes were sampled for RNAseq analyses. Samples were taken prior to veraison, on conditions of intense environmental stress. This analysis enabled the characterization of the transcriptome of the sensitive and of the tolerant genotypes and several markers of tolerance were identified.

This research was funded by the projects “Conservation and selection of ancient grapevine varieties” (PDR2020-784-042704), “Save the intra-varietal diversity of autochthonous grapevine varieties” (PRR-C05-i03-|-000016), and Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), through UIDB/04129/2020; Project LEAF Thematic Line Project Clones4ClimateChange.


Publication date: June 13, 2024

Issue: Open GPB 2024

Type: Article


Luísa Carvalho*1, David Faísca-Silva1, Teresa Pinto2, J. Miguel Costa1, Sara Amâncio1, Antero Martins1,2, Elsa Gonçalves1,2

1LEAF- Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Associate Laboratory TERRA; Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
2Associação Portuguesa para a Diversidade da Videira – PORVID, Lisboa, Portugal

Contact the author*


abiotic stress, molecular markers, RNAseq, tolerant clones, sensitive clones


IVES Conference Series | Open GPB | Open GPB 2024


Related articles…


After bottling, the wine continues to evolve during storage. The choice of the stopper is an important factor in this evolution. In addition to the oxygen permeability of the closure, the migration of stopper compounds into the wine can also have an impact on the wine organoleptic properties. Many studies have shown that transfers of volatile compounds from the stoppers into the wine can happen depending on the type of closure used (1). Moreover, when cork-made stoppers are used, the migration of phenolic compounds from the stopper into the wine can also occur (2, 3).

Fertilization Lysimeters provide new insights into the needs and impacts of N nutrition on table grape performance and fruit yield and quality

Table grape production requires adequate nitrogen (N) supply to sustain vine performance and obtain high yields. However, excess agricultural N fertilization is a major source of groundwater contamination and air pollution. Therefore, there is a strong need for empirically based precision N fertilization schemes in vineyards, for optimizing grape yield and quality while minimizing their environmental impact.
Our aim was to unequivocally quantify table grape N requirements, elucidate the drivers of daily N uptake, and quantify the relationship between fertigation N levels and vine growth, fruit yield, composition, and quality. For this, forty ‘Early Sweet’ (early-maturing, white) and ‘Crimson seedless’ (late-maturing, red) vines were grown in 500L drainage-lysimeters for 2 fruiting seasons, while subjected to five continuous N fertigation treatments ranging from 10 to 200 ppm.

Observatoire Grenache en vallée du Rhône : démarche et premiers résultats après une année d’étude

Face à l’enjeu d’affirmer et de mieux comprendre la spécificité des vins en relation avec leur origine, la notion de « terroir », avec la richesse de sens et la diversité des perspectives qui l’éclairent, se révèle la clef de voûte de la production et de la valorisation de vins personnalisés et typiques. Asseoir la connaissance des principaux terroirs de la Vallée du Rhône sur des bases autres que celles, jusqu’alors essentiellement empiriques, invoquées dans la seconde grande région française productrice de vins d’AOC, constitue un projet conforme à l’intérêt voué à cet enjeu d’actualité.

Sensory evaluation of ‘Sauvignon blanc’ grapes by a trained panel

The study described the effect of sensory analysis on commercial ‘Sauvignon blanc’ vineyards within the Stellenbosch Wine of Origin District. The sensorial evaluation of the berries was able to give a description of each parcel type and relate it to the cultural practices.

A multidisciplinary approach to evaluate the effects of the training system on the performance of “Aglianico del Vulture” vineyards

Vineyards are complex agro-ecosystems with high spatial and temporal variability. An efficient training system may counteract the adverse effects of this variability. Moreover, considering the climate change issues, choosing an efficient training system that enhances water use and protects the vines from radiative thermal stress has become a priority for the farmers. A multidisciplinary approach that assesses the soil-crop-yield-wine relationships of vineyards in a distributed and holistic way could bring added knowledge on the behavior of the different training systems. This ongoing research aimed to implement a multidisciplinary approach to study the behavior of “Aglianico del Vulture” grapevines trained with two different systems: a spurred cordon (SC) and an “Alberello in parete” (AL), grown in a high-quality wine production area of Basilicata region (Italy). The approach merged several methods and scales of soil, ecophysiology, must/wine quality, and spectral data collection to assess the influence of the training system. Homogeneous zones (HZs) in both training systems were defined through a procedure based on geomorphological classification, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) images analysis, and a traditional soil survey supported by geophysical scanning. During the 2021 season, TDR probes monitored soil water content, while grapevine health status was assessed using eco-physiological measurements (LWP, chlorophyll content, PSII photosynthetic efficiency, LAI, and point-based field spectroscopy). These grapevine in-vivo measurements validated the spectral vegetation indexes (NDVI, RENDVI, CVI, and TVI) derived from the UAV multispectral imagery, which monitored the grapevine status in a distributed and non-invasive way. Grape yield, quality of berries, must and wine were measured to assess the effects of the training systems. The first experimental year results showed the variability of the vineyards and revealed relationships among soil parameters, crop characteristics, and vegetation indices of the SC and AL training systems. This multidisciplinary study could bring new insights into the vineyard training system’s effects on grape yield and wine quality.