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IVES 9 IVES Conference Series 9 Open-GPB 9 Category: Open-GPB-2024

Proceedings of the Open International Conference on Grapevine Physiology and Biotechnology 2024

Discover the abstracts and posters presented during the Open International Conference on Grapevine Physiology and Biotechnology 2024 (Open-GPB2024), held in Logroño, La Rioja, Spain, from July 7th to 11th, 2024. This conference is organised by the Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (ICVV).

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - New biotechnological tools

In vitro regeneration of grapevine cv. Aglianico via somatic embryogenesis: preliminary studies for next genome editing applications  

Italy is a rich hub of viticultural biodiversity harboring hundreds of indigenous grape varieties that have adapted over centuries to the diverse climatic and geographic conditions of its regions. Preserving this biodiversity is essential for maintaining a diversified genetic pool, crucial for addressing future challenges such as climate change and emerging plant diseases. Rising temperatures, precipitation pattern variations, and extreme weather events can affect grape ripening, crop quality, and contribute to disease development. Integrated disease management necessitates exploration of novel strategies. Biotechnologies emerge as a significant player in tackling modern viticulture challenges.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - New biotechnological tools

In vitro tissue culture as a tool for Croatian grapevine germplasm management

In vitro culture makes it possible to carry out specific studies that would not be possible with whole plants grown in the field or in a greenhouse. Cryopreservation allows long-term preservation without metabolic changes in the plant material and cryotherapy can be efficient in virus elimination, which is a major scientific challenge.
The preculture media of cryopreservation protocols were evaluated on three Croatian grape varieties with different antioxidants (salicylic acid, ascorbic acid and glutathione). The highest growth in vitro was achieved on the medium with the addition of glutathione and the lowest with the addition of salicylic acid.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - Advances in omics and big data

A comprehensive and accurate annotation for the grapevine T2T genome 

Addressing the opportunities and challenges of genomics methods in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) requires the development of a comprehensive and accurate reference genome and annotation. We aimed to create a new gene annotation for the PN40024 grapevine reference genome by integrating the highly accurate and complete T2T assembly and the manually curated PN40024.v4 annotation. Here, we present a novel workflow to enhance the annotation of the T2T genome by incorporating past community input found in PN40024.v4. The pipeline's containerization will improve the workflow's reproducibility and flexibility, facilitating its inclusion as a shared workflow on the Grapedia portal, the grapevine genomics encyclopedia.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - Biotic interactions

A DNA-free editing approach to help viticulture sustainability: dual editing of DMR6-1 and DMR6-2 enhances resistance to downy mildew 

The sustainability of viticulture hinges on maintaining quality and yield while reducing pesticide use. Promising strides in this direction involve the development of clones with enhanced disease tolerance, particularly through the knockout of plant susceptibility genes. Knocking out of Downy Mildew Resistant 6 (DMR6) led to increased levels of endogenous salicylic acid (SA), a regulator of immunity, resulting in enhanced tolerance to Downy Mildew (DM) and other diseases in various crops.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - Advances in precision viticulture and phenotyping

A novel dataset and deep learning object detection benchmark for grapevine pest surveillance

Flavescence dorée (FD) stands out as a significant grapevine disease with severe implications for vineyards. The American grapevine leafhopper (Scaphoideus titanus) serves as the primary vector, transmitting the pathogen that causes yield losses and elevated costs linked to uprooting and replanting. Another potential vector of FD is the mosaic leafhopper, Orientus ishidae, commonly found in agroecosystems. The current monitoring approach involves periodic human identification of chromotropic traps, a labor-intensive and time-consuming process.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - New biotechnological tools

A versatile genome editing platform for grapevine: improving biotic and abiotic stress resilience 

New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) have arisen with the objective of surmounting the constraints inherent in conventional breeding methodologies, thereby enhancing plant resilience against both biotic and abiotic stresses. To date the application of genome editing in grapevine is still limited by the necessity to overcome recalcitrance to produce embryogenic calli and to regenerate plants. In our studies, we developed a smart and versatile genetic transformation system carrying all the most promising features of different genome editing approaches. In specific, we joined the GRF-GIF expression to improve regeneration, the systemic movement of the editing transcripts through tRNA-like sequences (TLS) and the cisgenic-like approach to remove transgenes.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Oral - Advances in omics and big data

Activation of retrotransposition in grapevine

Retrotransposons, particularly of the Ty-Copia and Ty-Gypsy superfamilies, represent the most abundant and widespread transposons in many plant genomes. Grapevine is no exception and it is clear that these mobile elements have played a major role in the evolution of Vitaceae genomes. While speculation abounds around the possible role of transposons in plant genomes, outside of the rather obvious involvement of retrotransposition in fueling genome expansion, there is little clarity of the actual role these elements have in both developing new genetic variation and in modulating epigenetic responses within genomes to changing climate. To this end we have been exploring de-novo assembled Sauvignon blanc and Pinot noir genomes with a view to catalogue retrotransposon loci to determine the structural intactness and thus age of insertion variation across a small number of clonal linages of these 2 varietals in an attempt to identify ‘live’ TE loci.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - Fruit and wine yield and composition

Altered lignans accumulation in a somatic variant of Tempranillo with increased extractability of polyphenols during winemaking

Vegetative propagation of grapevines can generate spontaneous somatic variations, providing a valuable source for cultivar improvement. In this context, natural variation in the composition of phenolic compounds in grapevine berries and seeds stands as a pivotal factor in crafting wines with diverse oenological profiles from the same cultivar. To deepen on the understanding of the physiological and genetic mechanisms driving somatic variation in grape phenolics, here we characterized a somatic variant from Tempranillo Tinto, the clone VN21, that exhibits an intense reduced berry skin cuticle and increased extractability of phenolic compounds during wine fermentation.

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Poster - Plant vegetative and reproductive development

An evaluation of the physiological responses of young grapevines planted and maintained under water constraint 

The aim of this ongoing study is to evaluate the degree of adaptability of grapevine scion:rootstock combinations to different conditions of water constraint. Here we present results from the young vine development phase, using three scenarios of water constraint that were implemented from planting. The experimental vineyard was established in 2020 and the data presented will cover the 2021/2022 and 2022/2023 seasons. The experiment consisted of the cultivars Pinotage (PIN), Shiraz (SHI) and Cabernet Sauvignon (CAB), grafted on two rootstocks, Richter 110 (R110) and USVIT-8-7 (US87).

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IVES Conference SeriesOpen-GPBOpen-GPB-2024Oral - Abiotic interactions

Apoplastic pH influences Vitis vinifera Barbera recovery responses to short and prolonged drought 

Alteration of sap pH is one of the first chemical changes that occurs within the xylem vessels of plants exposed to drought. Xylem sap acidification accompanied by the accumulation of soluble sugars has been recently documented in several species (Sharp and Davis, 2009; Secchi and Zwieniecki, 2016). Here, Vitis vinifera plants of the anysohydric cultivar Barbera were exposed to either short (no irrigation; SD) or to prolonged drought (continual reduction of 10% water; PD). When comparable severe stress was reached, the potted grapes were re-watered. SD was characterized by fast (2–3 days) stomatal closure and high abscisic acid (ABA) accumulation in xylem sap (>400 μg L−1) and in leaf. In PD plants, the rise in ABA levels was considerably diminished.

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